Relationship among Ballast Water, Bioincrustration and Invasion of Exotic Species


Relationship among Ballast Water, Bioincrustration and Invasion of Exotic Species


EVANDRO VALENTIM DA SILVA, CARLA ANDREA DE MOURA, RITA DE CASSIA XAVIER DE CARVALHO, FÁLBA BERNADETE RAMOS DOS ANJOS


American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews

Most species of seaweed that are transported through ballast water may have been transferred also by bioincrustration. Macroalgae of the genus Caulerpa, are native to the Mediterranean. C. taxifolia is an algae indicator of conditions, often harmful, and sometimes irreversible, to the ecosystems of the invaded areas. It is necessary to implement control measures to minimize damage to the endemic species and its im-pact on the areas of occurrence. This study aimed to assess the occurrence of exotic algae on and their relationship and distribution on the coast of Pernambuco, during periods of dry and rainy seasons from 2005 to 2009. Macroalgae were fixed in con-solidated and unconsolidated substrates, being also associated with other algae and even occurring as loose fragments in the sandstone reef. These fragments could be the result of anthropogenic activities or local hydrodynamics. The absence of sea ur-chins and other herbivores associated with C. taxifolia sites pointing to an allelopathic action in the process of colonization. We consider that Caulerpa taxifolia may have been introduced recently in our coast being in process of colonization growing itself most often in sandstone reefs, which suggests an action in inhibiting herbivory through the synthesis of allelochemicals.


Keywords:Macroalgae, Caulerpa racemosa, Caulerpa taxifolia, ecology, herbivory, allelochemicals.

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How to cite this article:
EVANDRO VALENTIM DA SILVA, CARLA ANDREA DE MOURA, RITA DE CASSIA XAVIER DE CARVALHO, FÁLBA BERNADETE RAMOS DOS ANJOS. Relationship among Ballast Water, Bioincrustration and Invasion of Exotic Species.American Journal of Geographical Research and Reviews, 2019; 2:12. DOI: 10.28933/ajgrr-2019-05-1605


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