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  • Article Critique entitled: “The Leadership Practices of the Dean of Combined Arms Academy”

    The present paper offers a critical review of the article published under the title of “The Leadership Practices of the Dean of Combined Arms Academy”. The reviewed article aimed at examining the academic leadership practices of the Ethiopian Combined Army Academy’s Dean. Qualitative design was employed to attain its objective. Interview, observation and document review were employed as instruments of data collection. Hence, the reviewer followed theoretical, epistemological and methodological approaches to qualitative research sought to critically appraise the article. Accordingly, albeit the article was written in line with qualitative research approach, it had some limitations that lessen its empirical power. Bibliographic Citation “Tafere, M. (2014). The Leadership Practices of the Dean of Combined Arms Academy. International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies, 6(5), 70-79.”

  • An Experimental Investigation on Use of Bitumen Emulsion in the Construction of Gravel Road

    The base soil is one of the nature’s most common construction materials. Almost all types of construction are built with or upon the soil since centuries till today. The most important and effective part of a road pavement is sub grade soil, its strength and stability. If strength of soil is poor, then stabilization is normally needed. Sub grade is sometimes stabilized or replaced with stronger soil material so as to improve the strength. Such stabilization is also suitable when the available subgrade is made up of weak soil and hence has poor stability. Increase in the sub grade soil, strength may lead to economy in the structural thicknesses of a pavement. The most commonly used materials for soil stabilization are Cement, fly ash, lime, fibers, polymers etc. In the present study, an attempt has been made to improve the properties of the gravel soil by adding bitumen emulsion. An attempt has been made to use the emulsion for improving the strength of gravel soil expressed in terms of CBR values which may prove to be economical and give better results. In this study, the whole laboratory work revolves around the basic properties of soil and its strength in terms of CBR. A little cement added to provide better soil strength. It is observed that excellent soil strength results have been achieved by using cationic bitumen emulsion (CMS) with little quantity of cement used as filler. The appropriate mixing conditions for gravelly soil with CMS bitumen emulsion are being first attempted. This is followed by deciding four particular material conditions to show the variation in dry density and CBR value to achieve the best possible strength properties of gravel soil.

  • Should We Build Our School Here? Children’s Level of Fitness, School Site-Typology and the Built Environment

    Background: No prior studies have assessed the relationship of school-sites with children’s fitness, nor evaluated how it is influenced by types of built environments surrounding school-sites. Purpose: To create a typology of school-sites and assess their associations, with school-level cardiorespiratory fitness (PACER score), as well as 34 environmental measures, reflecting food retailers and parks. Methods: PACER scores (#laps) were obtained on 20,900 children, 5-18 years-old, attending 103 rural and urban public schools in Wisconsin 2009-2010. Scores were aggregated at the school-level (mean 25.2±10.5). School-site typology reflects walkability context and parcel size. Schools were classified as: Neighborhood-School, Neighborhood-Campus, Neighborhood-Suburban, or Campus-School. Geospatial and linear regression were performed , overall and by sex and age strata, using a 1600-meter circular buffer around each school. Associations with school-level-PACER score were assessed for school types; density of unhealthy and healthier food retailers; and types of parks. Results: Campus-Schools predict a school average-PACER 7 laps significantly higher than Neighborhood-schools. ‘Neighborhood-Campus’ showed the lowest PACER for males and 11-13 years-old (10 and 12 laps lower). Negatively correlated with average-PACER were, unhealthy convenience stores for both sex, large parks for females. More fast-casual restaurants predict higher average-PACER. Schools with more students predict higher average-PACER for males and 6-10 years-old. Conclusion: Among Wisconsin schools, school-site and its context are associated with children’s physical fitness, suggesting that school-siting should include a health benefit analyses in the process. This study demonstrates the utility of school-level PACER scores and suggests further study of the mechanisms by which children’s fitness is influenced by food retailers around school zones.

  • REFLECTION OF THE ANTHROPIC IMPACT ON SPECIES AND POPULATION OF THE BARRA DE CATUAMA BEACH (GOIANA-PE)

    Objective: The objective of this article is to make an analysis of the anthropic impact on the lo-cal species of Barra de Catuama beach, which is located in the Southeast of the municipality of Goiana, Pernambuco. Methods: For this purpose, we used the methodology of analysis of pho-tos, reading articles published about the subject, and the tools found on the internet, such as news and videos. Results: Through analysis of photos and bibliography, it was possible the perception of the anthropic impact relactive to social, environmental and economic’s quality, in Barra de Catuama beach, since the presence of solid waste and domestic sewage accounted in the decrease of species of the region and of tourists. Conclusion: The conclusion of this ana-lyzes is that the ecological and public damage, prevent the recreation of the bathers and have a direct influence on the fishing and catching crabs, those are one of the main sources of income in the region, stressing that this anthropic impact resulted in the decrease of the population of the species, and a deviation of the local income.

  • CYTOTOXICITY ASSESSMENT AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTION OF Caulerpa taxifolia (M. Vahl) C.

    This study aims to determine the LC50 for Artemia salina Leach and perform a microbial screening two C. taxifolia extracts. In these biological assays have been used larvae of A. salina Leach ob-tained from the incubation of about 20 mg of A. salina cysts, under artificial light for 48 hours. Where groups of 10 metanauplius were exposed to different concentrations (50 mg / mL to 1000 ug / ml) of methanol extract and hydroalcoholic C. taxifolia . The antimicrobial activity of extracts of C. taxifolia was evaluated by diffusion method in paper disc. The percentage mortality deter-mined after 24 hours of contact. Through the data was calculated LC50. Behavioral analysis of Artemia salina Leach showed a decrease in handling compared to those observed in the control groups. The microbial activity of the extracts were evaluated by measuring the halo of inhibition for two species of gram-positive and two gram-negative bacteria. The extracts showed signifi-cant results for S. aureus and S. spp. This study demonstrates that C. taxifolia has a high cyto-toxicity suggested that its use in cell culture as a molluscicide and can be used in the production of production of antimicrobial drugs.

  • Survey of the Seaweeds of the Beach of Pina, Recife Pernambuco

    The constant interference of human activities has had direct and indirect impacts on aquatic environments with consequences for water quality for aquatic biota and the functioning of ecosystems, thereby reducing the ability to use. This study aimed to describe the qualitative and quantitative variation of species of macroalgae from Praia do Pina, Recife-PE, in the rainy season and drought. The collections were made in August 2007 (rainy season) and January 2008 (period of drought). Data on the occurrence of macroalgae were collected by snorkeling using the combined techniques of sampling belt transects (50m x 1m) and quadrats (1m x1m). The species of greatest abundance in both periods were almost the same: Ulva lactuca, U. fasciata, U. intestinalis, Caulerpa sertularioides, C. filiformis; C.prolifera; C.racemosa, and C. lentillifera; being found in smaller quantities: Pterocladia capillaceous, Hypnea musciformis, H. pannosa, H. cervicornis, Sargassum Muticum, S. vulgare, S. ilicifolium, Padin Pavoni, P. tetrastromatica, Dictyota dichotoma, Gracilaria warts and G. Salicornia. The two species were only found in Glacilaria period of drought and the species S. ilicifolium was found during the rainy season. About 80% of macroalgal distribution in reef studied is composed of individuals belonging to the phylum Chlorophyta, 12% are representatives of the phylum Phaeophyta and 8% are belonging to the phylum Rodhophyta. These percentages are very close to the values presented in two urban beaches in the Metropolitan Region of Recife and a beach on the northern coast of the state of Pernambuco, where areas have been intensified the processes of human occupation and exploitation, and increasing industrialization. The predominance of species of Chlorophyta may represent a greater tolerance to the flora of the pollutants.

  • Assessment of The Use of ICT By Distance Learning Students in The University of Ibadan, Nigeria

    This paper reviews the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) by students of Distance Learning Centre, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. There is no doubt that ICT is playing a vital role in Open and Distance Learning (ODL) in terms of enhancing the provision of immediate assistant to the learners for their academic and administrative needs in large scale. It has been established that services cannot be performed in distance learning centres using traditional institutional system all alone. Therefore, ICT tools application has been incorporated to meeting the requirements of learners at various phases of learning cycle viz the admission phase and other services. The heterogeneous requirements in open distance learning has culminated into issues and challenges needed to be addressed in usage of the technologies and the service(s) being provided through ICT. Survey research design with the aid of questionnaire was employed to elicit response from the respondents. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the sample size of this work. The effectiveness, stimulating factors, issues and challenges confronting ICT usage, purpose as well as other challenges encountered by staff and students of University of Ibadan DLC were emphasised. Recommendations were made based on the findings.

  • Systematization of Nursing Assistance (SAE) in the Care of the Victim Patient of Spinal Cord Injury in the Light of Orems Theory of Self-Care

    Objectives: To report the experience of nursing students in assistance based on the Systematization of Nursing Care (SAE), founded by Self-care theory of Dorothea Orem, directed the patient victims of Trauma Spinal Cord (TRM). Methodology: study of the type of experience report. The experience occurred during the practical class of the discipline of Adult Health II given in an emergency hospital, located in Arapiraca-AL. During the care, anamnesis and physical examination, diagnosis, planning, implementation and nursing evaluation were performed. Results: some of the nursing diagnoses were anxiety, attitude towards positive care, impaired physical mobility, self-care deficit for bathing and hygiene, among others. Regarding the nursing interventions, some of them were to accompany the patient, administer medications, monitor respiratory condition, assess musculoskeletal condition, evaluate neurological condition, assist in mobility, among others. From this, the expected results were defined as presenting gas exchange with normalization of CO2 and O2 standards, improvement of respiratory pattern, passive physical mobility, anxiety relief, among others. Final considerations: It was noted that the patient with TSC benefits from developing an individual and targeted care plan. The implementation of the SAE ensures the role of nurses in the care and ensures a practice based on scientific evidence and nursing theories. The performance of academics in the hospital care service promotes the gain of experience and, thus, allows a better performance as a nurse practitioner.

  • Oncology Care Project with Inter and Multiprofessional Approach: Actions to Minimize Collateral Effects and Suffering, Caused By the Treatment of Chemotherapy

    Objective: To report multi and interprofessional experience during extension actions aimed at minimizing the side effects and suffering caused by the treat-ment of chemotherapy. Methods: This is a descriptive study of the type of expe-rience report of the university extension project that focuses on the use of light technologies to cope with routine situations of care practice in an oncology sec-tor. Results: The side effects caused by antineoplastic drugs are part of the day-to-day treatment of cancer patients. Some side effects were listed with patients, such as dry mouth, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, alopecia, constipation and mouth with metallic or bitter taste from the antineoplastic. Through ingestion of healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, greens and cereals properly listed these unwanted effects can be minimized. Other actions such as music therapy help to alleviate suffering because it causes happiness and satisfaction. Conclu-sion: Health education is an important strategy to share knowledge, especially in the area of relieving suffering through complementary guidelines and thera-pies. Music is a therapeutic and playful instrument and influences the emotions and well-being of individuals. In addition, the actions of the Oncology Care pro-ject strengthen us as a human being and professional in formation.

  • Chronic Pain in Patients With HIV / AIDS: a Literature Review

    Introduction: In the current context of health in Brazil, pain has been one of the main reasons for care in patients with HIV by health professionals. Objective: To investigate the topics covered in online journals about factors related to pain in patients affected by HIV / AIDS. Methodology: Review of the literature in October 2018 in the Regional Portal of the Virtual Health Library (VHL), using as descriptors “HIV”, “CHRONIC PAIN”, “DISEASE” and using as temporal cutback the last ten years. Results: The study sample consisted of 8 original articles, divided into three thematic categories: “Pain management”, “Pharmacological treatment” and “Consequences of pain”. Con-clusion: It is important that the multiprofessional health team is attentive and committed to iden-tify the factors related to chronic pain in PLHIV, since this way they can provide assistance aim-ing at the well being and comfort of the patient.