The effects of particulate matter (represented by humic acid, kaolin and algae) on ultrafiltration membranes in micro-polluted water sources were investigated, and the mechanism of ultrafiltration membranes was further understood with the change of membrane flux and transmembrane pressure difference. The results showed that the removal rate of kaolin and algae by UF membrane was over 99%, while the removal rate of humic acid was only about 72%. Moreover, the extent of UF membrane fouling caused by humic acid was larger than that caused by kaolin and algae. The higher the concentration of humic acid, the more serious the membrane fouling was. Ultrafiltration membranes contaminated by humic acid were washed by 0.05mol/L NaOH alkali and 0.05mol/L HCL acid. The permeability of the membranes was restored to 91.24% of the cleaned surface, which was better than that of pure water, sodium hypochlorite and sodium hydroxide. It can provide better guidance for choosing appropriate cleaning agents for ultrafiltration membrane fouling.
In order to solve the problem of excessive Mn(II) content in water in some areas of China, TiO2 nanotubes and TiO2 powder are used to remove Mn(II). The experimental results show that both TiO2 nanotubes and TiO2 powder have certain manganese removal effect, and the effect of powder is better. When the pH was 5.6 and the 20W UV lamp was irradiated for 40 min, the removal rate of the powder was 64.3 %, and the removal rate of the nanotubes anodized for 1h was 35.3 %, and the removal rate of the nanotubes anodized for 30 min was 23.9 %. When the pH is adjusted to 7-8, the removal rate of the nanotubes is significantly improved. When the pH was 8, 20W UV lamp was irradiated for 40 min, the removal rate of nanotubes anodized for 1h was 60.4%.
In the field of port and shipping, the mutual interest relationship between the port and the shipping company has always been a hot topic.On the one hand, the port needs the shipping company to park its port operations to obtain economic benefits and social benefits.On the other hand, shipping companies have their own considerations when facing different types of ports, and must consider them from the perspectives of maximizing their own interests and optimizing service levels.In this paper, the Stackelberg model and the Nash equilibrium model in game theory are used to analyze the basis of the choice of the interests of the port and shipping enterprises to establish a multi-influence factor and multi-targeted model of the profit distribution of the port and shipping enterprises.According to the research in this paper, the appropriate cooperation between the two parties can further enhance the efforts of the port and shipping companies, and realize the rational distribution of interests between the port and the shipping company, so as to achieve a win-win situation in the entire port supply chain.
Marginal fit of fixed dental prostheses is determined by the size of the gap between the margin of the restoration and finish line of the prepared tooth. The most important factors influencing marginal and internal fit of fixed dental prostheses are the material used, the type of finish line as well as peculiarities of various technique of restoration fabrication. The objective of the article is to review the literature about the marginal and internal fit of various fixed prosthetic constructions. A review of literature using Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Research Gate database was carried out and 73 articles mostly in English were selected. The keywords were “Computer-aided design, marginal gap, internal fit, marginal fit, and crown adaptation”. Clinically accepted boundary value of marginal gap is considered to be ≤100 μm. However, a number of factors such as milling machine, parameters of bur (diameter, sharpness), software, design preparation, smooth preparation margins and incorporation of rounded line angles on the tooth preparation, the type of finish line, material and fabrication method of the construction and type of impression method should be taken into consideration in order to achieve these results. The perfect marginal and internal fit are the guarantee of construction success and longevity. As a sizeable marginal opening concedes more plaque accumulation, gingival sulcular fluid flow and bone loss, following in microleakage, recurrent caries, periodontal disease and a decrease in the longevity of the prosthetics restorations. Currently used techniques of restoration manufacturing, including constructions manufactured by computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing system can provide clinically allowable marginal fit.
With the increasing energy crisis, the development and utilization of wind energy, which is a substitute for traditional energy sources and has renewable and cleanliness, has gradually attracted the attention of people all over the world. While the wind power industry is growing rapidly and the unit capacity of the unit is gradually increasing, the operational safety of wind power equipment is receiving more and more attention. If the wind turbine component fails, the small one will result in downtime maintenance, and the other will cause the machine to be destroyed. Because the wind farm is built in remote areas or offshore areas far away from the city, the traffic is inconvenient, and the wind turbines are at high altitude, so it is very difficult to maintain the unit. Once a fault or fire occurs, it is difficult to rescue in time. Let it develop its accident. In view of the high cost of detection, the failure of detecting faults, and the high proportion of missed faults, the on-line monitoring of the operating status of wind power equipment, the real-time diagnosis of early warning faults, and the maintenance of equipment are also important. The online monitoring system is applied to the health monitoring of wind power equipment, which not only can alert the equipment to potential failures, avoid the occurrence of major accidents, but also can determine the fault type and severity of the equipment based on the integration of existing analytical methods. Save on operational maintenance and repair costs. At a deeper level, mining and analyzing the monitoring data can also complete the estimation of the equipment’s continuous running time before the major accident, promptly remind the staff and provide reasonable rescue plans and solutions.
The treatment consisted of different doses of Paclobutrazol (PP333) namely 1.0g and 0.5g/canopy diameter along with control. Paclobutrazol was applied once in a year 15 October 1997 and 15 September 1998 in soil around the tree canopy spread. Paclobutrazol did not affect on Sugar, pH, Colour, K or glucose-fructose ratio, reduced sugar concentration and did not effect TSS and Firmness of Apple, increased TSS, Ascorbic Acid, Chlorophyll, ß-carotene, amylase, peroxides activity for 12 days in Dashehari Mango in storage at ambient temperature (30-33°C), chemical used Paclobutrazol [(2RS, 3RS)-1-1(4-Chlorophenyl)-4, 4-dimethyl-2-(1,2,4-trizol)-1-yl)] Pentan-3-ethanol.
Biochemical and Biological effects of Kaurene oxidase inhibitor such as Paclobutrazol on vegetative in Mango Cvs. Dashehri, Langra, Chausa and Fazri
The compound Paclobutrazol [(2RS, 3RS)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-4, 4-dimethyle-2- (1, 2, 4 Triazol-1-y)] pentan-3-ethanol was the action of this retardants can be antagonized by Gibberellins (GA3) and ent-Kaurenoic acid. The growth regulating properties of paclobutrazol are mediated by changes in the levels of important plant hormones including the gibberellins (GAs), abscisic acid (ABA) and cytokinins (CK). Paclobutrazol (PBZ) affects the isoprenoid pathway, and alters the levels of plant hormones by inhibiting gibberellin synthesis and increasing cytokinins level. When gibberellins synthesis is inhibited, more precursors in the terpenoid pathway accumulate and that resulted to the production of abscisic acid. PBZ has been used to provide plant protection against numerous abiotic stresses such as chilling, water deficit stress, flooding and salinity. Paclobutrazol acts as stress protectant by maintaining relative water content, membrane stability index, photosynthetic activity, and photosynthetic pigments and protects the photosynthetic machinery by enhancing the level of osmolytes, antioxidant activities and level of endogenous hormones and thereby enhances the yield. It is suggested that its main biochemical action is to block the reactions that lead from ent-Kaurene to ent-Kaurenoic acid in the course of Gibberellins biosynthesis courses, reduced vegetative growth more intensively than root growth by this compound.
This narrative review is based on a literature search on PsycINFO and PubMed entering the terms adolescent violence for papers published during the last five years. Following exclusion criteria, 58 papers could be classified as school–based violence (fighting) and dating violence including research on the prevalence and risk factors for these types of violence. The prevalence of school violence has varied by ethnicity, type of violence and culture. The risk factors for school violence are both intrapersonal and interpersonal. The intrapersonal factors include male gender, minority status, middle school level, maladaptive cognitive/ emotional strategies, depression, callous behavior, conduct problems, low cortisol and high testosterone, unhealthy conditions including concussions and obesity, drug abuse, self-harm, suicidal ideation and carrying weapons. The interpersonal factors include a lack of parental monitoring, conflict and violence in the family, exposure to violence and to violent social media. The prevalence of dating violence has also varied by gender and culture. The intrapersonal risk factors have included externalizing behavior, sexting both off-line and online, alcohol and marijuana misuse. The interpersonal risk factors include anxious attachment, family violence and peer rejection. Surprisingly, given the prevalence and severity of these problems, very little prevention/intervention research appears in this recent literature. Research is also missing on peer relationships, empathy and psychopathy as potential risk factors. Like other literature on adolescent problems, this research is limited by primarily deriving from self–report, parent report and hospital records.
Psychological Availability, Psychological Safety and Optimism as Predictors of Innovative Behavior among Workers
The study examined psychological availability, psychological safety and optimism as predictors of innovative behavior at work among administrative staff of Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA). A total of 120 workers comprising of 82 males and 38 females were used for the study with the mean age of 32.5, standard deviation of 11.2 and age range of 19-60. The participants were selected through multi stage sampling technique, Comprising of randomization and convenience sampling technique. The study made use of four instruments namely Psychological availability scale by Doglass (2004), psychological safety scale by Brown & Leigh, (1996), Life Orientation Test (LOT) developed by Scheier and carva (1985) to measure optimism and Innovative Work behavior Scale by Kleysen and Street (2001). The design for this study was a cross sectional survey design and hierarchical multiple regression was used for data analysis. The study tested three alternate hypotheses. Findings indicated that Psychological availability significantly predicted innovative behavior at work at β=.19.p< 0.01 which accepted hypothesis one. Psychological safety significantly predict innovative behavior at work at β=13,p
Comparison between creatine monohydrate and creatine HCl on body composition and performance of the Brazilian Olympic team
Weight-dependent athletes have trouble to balance the energy consumption to the needs of the sport they practice. As performance depends on that balance, it would be ideal to find a supplement that would be ergogenic without promoting weight increase. Monohydrate creatine supplementation is effective to improve strength and power but water retention and weight gain are side effects that avoid its use. An alternative molecule, creatine HCl, proposes the same an ergogenic effects without the undesirable effects. So, this study compared the effects of both creatines on performance and body composition of elite gymnastics athletes. 11 males, 18 to 25 years old took part into the randomized cross-over model: Creatine Monohydrate Supplement (MCG), resistant starch (RS) and HCl Supplement (HClG). Pre and Post all the experimental conditions, body fat percentage, body weight, lean body mass and total water amount were measured, bench press and leg press 1RM test were also carried out. Lean mass increased with both treatments (p