Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences

  • Shantala as nursing practice in children’s health

    Introduction: The Indian Shantala Technique has been recognized and employed by various groups around the world, first inspired by the doctor obstetrician Frédérick Leboyer in 1976, understands that the first essays of a child’s life are structural and formative, several authors agree that the massage method brings improvements to both mother and child, and the mother performs. This exchange provides experiences that perpetuate the importance of this unique and fundamental bond to a baby’s healthy development. (BERNSMULLER, 2012). Objectives: To demonstrate the importance of teaching and stimulating Shantala in childcare. Methodology: This study is a review of bibliographic literature of the descriptive type, enabling a systematized research on the issues addressed in the scientific field, having this as the conducting question of research: How important is the nurse to stimulate and teach Shantala in childcare? Being researched in the main data bases: Lilacs, Scielo, Bireme, BVS. As inclusion criteria were considered: articles, theses and monographs available in full format, between 2010 and 2016. Results and Discussion: Through Shantala beyond the mother / child bond be strengthened, as it is an act of love, being more than a massage, it is also possible to obtain results like calmer sleep, decrease of colic, better functioning of the intestine, among others. (MOURA et al, 2015). The body massage helps to make information about the baby perceptible, so that the baby receives answers that allow adjustments in their needs. (BÁRCIA and VERÍSSIMO, 2010). Conclusion: Through this natural and conscious physiological integration, there is an exchange that results in strengthening and increasing the mother / baby bond, as well as physical and psychic health. (BERNSMULLER, 2012).

  • Verbotonal methodology: practical activities for patients with emissive aphasia

    Introduction: Language is a systematic means of communicating capable of moving a society, manifesting itself in various forms and transmitting communication. The abrupt loss of language’s force due to a brain damage, such as aphasia, can cause significant injury. Aphasia could be defined as the complete or partial loss of the condition of expressing through speech, writing or gestures, interfering even in the ability to comprehend oral and written. On the other hand, the verbotonal methodology is a technique of language re-education that can be applied to correct the communication problems. Objective: The aim of this project is to elaborate a manual with practical activities based on Verbotonal Methodology for patients with Emissive Aphasias. Method: A qualitative descriptive and theoretical research was done. First, the bibliographic data were collected to begin the development of the manual. The contents were analyzed and the elaboration of the suggested activities was begun. Results: The manual discusses the Verbotonal Methodology that consists in the techniques: audiovisual, joint, musical and corporal rhythms and individual, the objective of the techniques and, therefore, the activities. The Audiovisual technique was illustrated using story demonstrations that could be used to restructure the morphosyntax. For the Joint technique activities were developed to reorganize the syntax. In relation to the Body Rhythm Technique, the illustration of each body movement was elaborated to better visualize the movements and application within the therapeutic process. For the Ritmo Musical technique, activities were elaborated to restructure the suprasegmental aspects. And for the Individual technique, activities focus on vocal quality were explained. Conclusion: It is believed that through the use of the manual with emissive aphasic patients, it can contribute to making the therapy more functional and pleasurable, besides stimulating daily life at the time of therapy, contributing to having more effective communication and an increasingly…

  • Syphilis in Adolescents

    Introduction: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease cause by Tepronema pallidum. The first cases were reported over 500 years ago, in Italy. Even though the worldwide efforts to eradicate the disease until the end of the 20th centure, the numbers of infections have increased in the last years, mostly among teenagers. In addiftion of the cronic complications that can remain if the infection is not properly treated, it subserves the HIV coinfection. The recent increase of reports shows that it is still a public health threat. The purpose of this article is to describe and discuss the increase of syphilis infection among adolescents, as well as its rick factors. Methodology: Cases reported to the Epidemiological Bulletin of the Health Department of the State of Pernambuco, between 2011 and 2015, were analyzed and compared. The range age was 10 to 49 years. Results: There was an increase in the number of reported cases of syphilis in all age groups. The highest proportional increase was found among adolescents, 6 times higher in 2015 than in 2011. There was also a prevalence in females due to asymptomatic genital infections, female recipient anatomy in the sexual act and gender inequality. The main risk factors are infrequent condom use, sexual abuse, school backwardness, the use of licit and illicit drugs, and low socioeconomic conditions. Concurrently with the outbreak of syphilis, there is a lack of benzathine penicillin, standard antimicrobial used for proper treatment. Pregnant adolescents are the second group with the highest incidence of the disease. This fact, along with the lack of penicillin, may predispose to an increase in newborns with congenital syphilis. It is important to emphasize that there can still be great underreporting. Conclusion: The number of cases has increased over the last years. Adolescents are by themselves a vulnerable group. It…

  • STOPFUMO: a tool to combat smoking

    Introduction: The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has been a tool increasingly used by health professionals strengthening the construction of knowledge, helping in the accomplishment of technical procedures and development of skills. The construction of quick consultation applications helps the individual who will use it, remove their doubts and, in the case of patients, assist them in their treatment. Objective: To build a health application to help combat smoking. Methodology: This is the construction of a health application with a focus on smoking. An integrative literature review was carried out to build the theoretical basis, using the BVS and Scielo health libraries, and the Lilacs database. For the construction of the application was used the Thunkable tool available online and for free. Discussion: Developed through the Thunkable platform, the application seeks to interactively encourage the user of the smoke to drop the addiction gradually. It allows knowing the exact time that has passed since the person made the decision to abandon the habit, how much money has saved and what are the repercussions in his body, with indicators based on the World Health Organization (WHO) on the process of health improvement. It also allows a network of users to exchange information and one helps the other by talking to each other through the chat. You are still able to indicate a nearer psychological support center if that is your need. Conclusion: With application development, users are expected to be able to find a 24-hour incentive within their reach, assisting in the smoking cessation process, as well as providing information on the benefits of the decision taken by them, control their own challenges and see their achievements.