Research Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews
Clinical Evaluation of Self Ligating Versus Conventional Ligating Preadjusted Edgewise Brackets- A Prospective Clinical Study
Thapa A1, Datana S2, Agarwal SS3, Jayan B4, Chopra SS5, Bhandari SK6
1Lucknow (India); 2 Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics,Armed Forces Medical College, Pune (India); 3Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics,Armed Forces Medical College, Pune (India); 4 Bangalore (India); 5 Professor, Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune (India); 6 Professor, Department of Oral and Maxilofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune (India)
Objective: The prospective study was taken up with null hypothesis that there is no difference clinically in treatment efficiency and gingival condition before start of treatment & twelve months after bonding in SLB and CLB system. Materials and Methods: This clinical study include 30 patients, divided into two groups of 15 each were included in the present study. Intraoral photos and study models taken at pre-treatment (T0), 5 weeks (T1), 10 weeks (T2) and 15 weeks (T3). Initial alignment was assessed by using the Little irregularity index (LII) in the mandibular anterior teeth. The subjects were also examined for bleeding potential of the tissues by using Gingival Index (GI). Results: The mean initial irregularity (MII) score for SLB T0, T5, T10 and T15 was 5.867, 2.252, 0.516 and 0.039. MII score for CLB T0, T5, T10 and T15 was 6.000, 3.630, 1.589 and 0.327. A two sample t-test revealed gap of 4.02% was statistically significant (T= 2.80, 0.012). This data suggests that total alignment change of mandibular arch from T 0 to T 15 was better in SLB compared to CLB group. The mean increase of GI with SLB system was 0.183 while for CLB were equal to 0.98. This difference of GI between SLB and CLB before and after twelve months of bonding was statistically significant (T= -2.96, P value=0.010). Conclusion: The present study could facilitate the orthodontist to compare the potential benefits of SLB over the CLB system that facilitate less gingival bleeding and increase in alignment efficiency.
Keywords: Clinical Evaluation, Self Ligating Versus Conventional Ligating Preadjusted Edgewise Brackets
How to cite this article:
Thapa A, Datana S, Agarwal SS, Jayan B, Chopra SS, Bhandari SK. Clinical Evaluation of Self Ligating Versus Conventional Ligating Preadjusted Edgewise Brackets- A Prospective Clinical Study. International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews, 2019, 2:17
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