International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews


Comparison Of Uvulo-Glosso-Pharyngeal Dimensions Between Different Vertical Skeletal Facial Patterns

Research Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Comparison Of Uvulo-Glosso-Pharyngeal Dimensions Between Different Vertical Skeletal Facial Patterns Anuradha Rawat, Sanjeev Datana, SS Agarwal, Vishvaroop, SK Bhandari Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Armed forces medical college, Pune, India Background: The relationship between pharyngeal airway and dentoskeletal structures have been reported in various studies. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the uvuloglossopharyngeal dimensions in various vertical patterns in skeletal class I subjects. Methodology: The study sample consisted of pre-treatment Lateral cephalogram of 135 subjects (63 males and 72 females, aged 14-21 years) with skeletal class I pattern which were divided into three groups of normodivergent, hypodivergent and hyperdivergent facial patterns with 45 subjects in each group. The inter-group statistical comparison across the three study groups was done using Chi-Square test and the inter-group statistical comparison of medians was done using Kruskal-Wallis H test [non-parametric analysis of variance (ANOVA)]. Results: The distribution of median for upper airway such as SPAS, MAS, IAS, VAL did not differ significantly across three study groups (P-value>0.05 for all). The vertical position of hyoid bone (HH1) was significantly lower in Group 2 compared to Groups 1 and Group 3 (P-value<0.05 for both) and the anteroposterior position of hyoid bone (HRGN) was significantly forward in Group 2 compared to Group 3 (P-value<0.05). Conclusion: No difference in uvulo-glosso-pharyngeal dimensions were found in various vertical facial types. Differences were observed in hyoid bone position which was positioned more inferiorly in normodivergent and hyperdivergent subjects when compared to hypodivergent. Anteroposteriorly, hyoid bone was positioned more forward in hypodivergent group than in hyperdivergent. Keywords: Uvulo-glosso-pharyngeal dimensions, Pharyngeal airway, Hyoid bone ...

Correlating Cranial Base Flexure And Posterior Cranial Base Length With Vertical Skeletal Patterns

Research Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Correlating Cranial Base Flexure And Posterior Cranial Base Length With Vertical Skeletal Patterns Anuradha Rawat, Sanjeev Datana, SS Agarwal, Vishvaroop, SK Bhandari Department of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Armed forces medical college, Pune, India Background: The cranial base has pivotal role in development of craniofacial structures. Both anterior and posterior cranial bases and the angle between the two affect the position of maxilla and mandible. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of cranial base angle and posterior cranial base length in various vertical facial types. Methodology: The study sample consisted of pre-treatment lateral cephalogram of 135 subjects (63 males and 72 females, age 14-21 years) with skeletal class I pattern. These were divided into three groups of normodivergent, hypodivergent and hyperdivergent facial types with 45 subjects in each group. Two angular parameters i.e Saddle angle (NSAr) and Articular angle (SArGo) and one linear parameter Posterior cranial base length (SAr) were used in cephalometric analysis. Inter-group comparison of means of all measurements were studied using ANOVA with Bonferroni’s correction for multiple group comparison. Results: Saddle angle and articular angle did not show significant difference across three study groups. Highly significant difference in posterior cranial base length was observed between hypodivergent and hyperdivergent groups. Saddle angle and Posterior Cranial base length showed significant positive correlation in hypodivergent whereas Saddle angle and Articular angle showed significant negative correlation in hypodivergent and hyperdivergent groups. Conclusion: The cranial base angle does not affect the vertical facial patterns but posterior cranial base length does affect the hyperdivergent and hypodivergent facial types. Cranial base angle found to correlate with posterior cranial base in hypodivergent facial pattern whereas Saddle angle correlated negatively with articular angle in both hyperdivergent and hypodivergent facial types. Keywords: Cranial base angle, Saddle angle, Cranial ...

A review on the performance of the proactive implant surface

Review Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews A review on the performance of the proactive implant surface Mazen A. Almasri Associate professor of oral maxillofacial surgery, King Abdulaiz University, Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia Objective: to review the performance of the proactive hydrophilic implant system in the implantology practice. Materials and methods: a thorough literature review took place by looking into pubmed and google scholar searching engines. A total number of 310 articles were found. The aim was to review the literature commenting on the clinical and microlevel performances. Hence, 21 articles were included to cover three major categories which are: in Microlevel (group A), clinical (group B), and performance with grafting materials (group C). Results:  Group A; showed stable osseointegration indicating the efficacy of the hydrophilic proactive surface.  Group B; indicated favourable outcomes in managing cases of immediate implants with successful variable loading protocols.  Group C; showed favourable reactions with grafting and non-grafting groups. Conclusion: It seems that the proactive implant surface is showing promising results with acceptable supporting literature so far. Keywords: dental implant, surface, hydrophilic, proactive, Neoss ...

Perceptions of Endodontic Treatment Outcomes Provided by Undergraduate Students and Endodontic Specialists

Research Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Perceptions of Endodontic Treatment Outcomes Provided by Undergraduate Students and Endodontic Specialists Emilia Karova DMD, Assoc. Prof, PhD, Irina Tsenova DMD, Viktoria Petrova DMD, Alexander Bonchev, DMD, Violeta Dogandzhiyska, DMD, PhD Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Department of Conservative Dentistry Introduction: A growing interest from investigators and practitioners have been registered in assessing patients’ quality of life and satisfaction with effectiveness of provided dental care. Specific treatment-related satisfaction measures have been introduced to recognize individuals’ perceptions of root canal treatment outcomes. Methods: Two hundred systemically healthy patients with irreversible inflammation of the dental pulp were endodontically treated and filled in anonymously a questionnaire consisting of two parts: 1) personal and demographic information (age, gender, occupation, education, income), and 2) seven semantic differential scales evaluating personal satisfaction two weeks after root canal treatment was completed. Level of satisfaction was assessed by assigning scores from 1 to 10 along continuous bipolar scales, separately for each treated tooth. Results: Very high overall satisfaction was registered in both groups with the scores being higher for patients treated by students but the difference was insignificant (p=0.068). Patients were significantly more pleased with their root canal treatment provided by specialists followed by undergraduate students (p=0.017). On the contrary, satisfaction with treatment cost was significantly lower for those treated by specialists compared to values registered by students’ patients (p< 0.0001). Conclusions: Endodontic treatment provided by undergraduate students and endodontic specialist resulted in an extremely high level of overall satisfaction almost equal for both groups. Treatment painfulness, postoperative esthetics and chewing ability were highly appreciated regardless of the treatment provider but perception of postoperative pleasantness was significantly higher for specialists. Significantly greater satisfaction with the treatment cost was registered in the group treated by students. Keywords: ...

Prof. Mohamed Said Hamed
Dean & Professor – Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical University, United Arab Emirates

Dr. Amer A. Taqa
Professor, College dentistry, Mosul University

Dr. Punit Naidu
Vice Chairman, Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital Bangalore

Dr. Victor Eduardo de Souza Batista
Associate Professor, Department Prosthodontics, Presidente Prudente Dental School, University of Western São Paulo – UNOESTE, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil

Dr. Faaiz Alhamdani
Assistant Prof., Head of Clinical Sciences Department, College of Dentistry, Ibn Sina University

Dr. Abbas R. Zaher
Professor of Orthodontics and Chairman, department of orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, the University of Alexandria; President, The Egyptian Orthodontic Society; Past Vice-President, the World Federation of Orthodontists

Dr. Ibrahim El-Sayed M. El-Hakim
Professor, Ain Shams University

Dr. Ajay Jain
Associate Professor, Faculty of Dentistry, AIMST University

Dr. RAÚL GONZÁLEZ-GARCÍA
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Avenida de Elvas s/n, 06080, Badajoz (Spain)

Dr. Indrajeet Ghosh
Practice Principal/ Clinical Director of Dental Zone

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1.Mergime Prekazi Loxha, Zana Agani, Alban Olluri, Fisnik Kurshumliu, Sinan Rusinovci.Clinical and hystopathological dilemmas in diagnosis of epitheloid hemangioma of maxillae-case report. International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:7. DOI: 10.28933/ijdrr-2018-11-0808
2.Sonoko Nakasato, Joshua Sanchez, Katherine Chapman, Michael Benichou, Sadanand Fulzele, Jeffrey A. Elo, Shirley Y. Kang, Carlos Guerra, James L. Borke. Selection of Angiogenic Markers that Predict the Transition from Bisphosphonate Exposure to MRONJ in a Rat Model. International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews, 2018,1:6. DOI: 10.28933/ijdrr-2018-10-1801

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International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews(issn:2637-3750,doi:10.28933/ijdrr) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Dental Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews

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