International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy

Self-medication and role of pharmacist in patient education

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Self-medication and role of pharmacist in patient education Leila Esfandiari, Ashma Nepal, Shaik MD Rafi, G. Kannan. Reddy college of pharmacy Introduction:Pharmacy is the art, science and practice of preparing, preserving, compounding and dispensing of drugs and it also includes modern services related to health care including clinical services, reviewing medications for safety and efficacy, and providing drug information. The pharmacy services provided in India seem to be mainly product-sale focused and traditionally practiced with very minimum or negligible focus on the trending or modern clinical services such as patient education on prescribed medication and also over the counter medications which may be taken by the patient. Therefore, strategies are to be implemented and health system reforms need to be introduced to follow the trending clinical services in order to improve the quality of pharmacy services with the main aim of optimizing the patient care. Objective: Assess self-medication and role of pharmacist in patient education in the Department of Pharmacy, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru. Methodology: This was a Hospital based observational study, in which data collection was carried out over a period of 6 months from the outpatient pharmacy. Data was collected after obtaining consent from the patients. A self-designed questionnaire for assessing knowledge on self-medication and patient satisfaction were used for data collection. Then follow-up was made to assess improvement in medication adherence. The data collected was then analyzed using suitable statistical methods. Result: A total of 250 patients were enrolled from the patients visiting out-patient pharmacy. Out of which, 60.8% were females and 39.2% were males. Among both genders females (60.80%) showed more interest in participating in our study. The mean age of the study subjects was found to be 37.86±17.99 years. In our study which ...

Utilization Evaluation of Drugs Used in Dialysis Patients

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Utilization Evaluation of Drugs Used in Dialysis Patients Margreth Philbert, Binai K Sankar Reddy college of pharmacy You cannot live without having your blood cleaned properly. So, when the kidneys have failed completely, a treatment called dialysis can take over the job of filtering and cleaning the blood. A 67 year’s old male diabetic with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) admitted to the hospital with the symptoms of decreased balance, loss of sensation, fear of falling, and decreased endurance during daily activities. In April 2011 due to extreme illness and diagnosed with kidney failure. Patient reports progression of his disease to ESRD in 2016. Patient has been receiving dialysis treatment since ESRD diagnosis 3 days per week. KEYWORDS: CKD, ESRD, hemodialysis, Therapy Management ...

Assessment of Antihypertensives Drug Class in Type 2 Diabetes and It’s Complications

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Assessment of Antihypertensives Drug Class in Type 2 Diabetes and It’s Complications Margreth Philbert, Binai K Sankar Reddy college of pharmacy Background: Hypertension and Diabetes are now serious public and worldwide health challenge as by 2025 it has been estimated that 1.56 billion world population will suffer from hypertension and diabetes is the 8th leading cause of death. Objectives:Primary objective is assessment of antihypertensive drug classes used in type 2 diabetes & it’s complications and Secondary objectives are , is to assess the prescribing pattern of diabetic drugs, and to assess the incidence of complications in diabetes mellitus. Methods & Materials: This was a prospective observational study carried out at Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital. Data collection form was prepared and study was carried out in Patients with inclusion criterias after they were briefed about the study and oral consent was obtained from them. Results: 150 patients were included in the study, with females 66.67%. The average age of patients included in the study was 57.97±9.90, belonging to the age group 55-64 years. Out of 150 patients 105 had diabetic complications. Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy CCB 38.71% and the combination of ARB with diuretic 22.58% were prescribed, In patients with cardiovascular diseases they were mostly prescribed with CCB 34.29% followed by Beta-Blockers 20.00%, in patients with cerebrovascular diseases combinations of ARB with Diuretic 30.77% were most prescribed and in diabetic foot CCB 45.83% were prescribed. Managing diabetes, Metformin was the most prescribed as mono-therapy in 24.49% patients and as the combination with Glimepiride was used in 56.46% patients. Conclusion: This study revealed that CCB as monotherapy and ARB with diuretics as dual therapy were the most commonly used agents with diabetic complications like diabetic neuropathy, cardiovascular diseases and diabetic foot ...

Case Report on Drug Induced Cushing Syndrome

Research Article of International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy Case Report on Drug Induced Cushing Syndrome Rachel Pinto, Binai.K.Sankar Reddy college of pharmacy Corticoids are 21 carbon compounds having cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene nucleus. They are synthesised in adrenal Cortisol cells in the cholesterol. Corticoids are given exogenously to regulate various body functions like in the maintainenece of fluid electrolyte balance, cardiovascular and energy substrate homeostasis and functional status of skeletal muscles and nervous system.They help withstand body with the outside stimuli and noxious particles and stress during a diseased state. They mimic the action of the body’s Natural hormone Cortisol Taking too much of exogenous Cortisol when given in medication form of gluco-corticosteriod leads to exogenous Cushing syndrome. A condition that occurs from the exposure to high Cortisol levels for a longer period of time. Symptoms of Cushing Syndrome include: Moon face, Slow growth rate in children, Weight gain in fat accumulation, Skin Infection, Thin skin with easy bruising. Lab test conducted to Verify Cushing Syndrome are: Blood Cortisol Levels, Blood sugar levels, Dexamethasone suppression test, 24hr urine Cortisol and Creatinine levels, ACTH stimulation test. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of Drug induced Cushing syndrome in a 40 year old female patient who was on the treatment of skin rashes under methyl prednisolone continuously for a period of one month ...

Dr. Fadi Alkhateeb 
Associate Dean of Academic Affairs and Associate Professor, Ben and Maytee Fisch College of Pharmacy, The University of Texas at Tyler, 3900 University Blvd, Office # 328, Tyler, TX 75799

Vice Editor-in-Chief:
Dr. Saurabh Gupta 
Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacology, Indore Institute of Pharmacy, Indore (M.P.), India; Principal Co-ordinator Scientist for outsources projects of industry, Indore institute of Pharmacy, Indore (M.P.), India,; Scientist Co-ordinator member of Institutional Animal Ethical Committee, Indore institute of Pharmacy, Indore.


Dr. Mohammed A. Islam
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Coast University School of Pharmacy, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Dr. Juseop Kang
Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology Laboratory, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, South Korea.

Dr. Mohamed Azmi Hassali
Professor of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.

Dr. Quanxi Mei 

Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine,  Zhongshan,Guangdong, China.

Dr. Apollo James
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Nandha college of Pharmacy, Erode, Tamilnadu, India.

Dr. Iftikhar Ali
Department of Pharmacy, Northwest General Hospital and Research Center, Department of Pharmacy, University of Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa , Pakistan.

Dr Anthony David Hall
School of Clinical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Australia.

Dr Bhanukumar M
Department of General Medicine, JSS Hospital & Medical College, JSS University, Mysore, India.

Dr. Sandeep Kumar Kar
Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, India.

Dr. Biswaranjan Paital
Department of Zoology, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, College of Basic Science and Humanities, Bhubaneswar-751003, Odisha, India.

Dr. Vasiliki E. Kalodimou
Director at Flow Cytometry-Research & Regenerative Medicine Department, Athens, Greece.

Dr. Hale Z. Toklu
Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, University of Florida College of Medicine, 32610 Gainesville, FL, USA.

Dr. Fahad Saleem
Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains, Malaysia, Minden 11800, Penang, Malaysia

Dr. Ahamada Safna Mariyam.M
Dept of Pharmacy Practice, Acharya & B.M Reddy College of Pharmacy, Bangalore-107, India.

Dr. Ghada Ismail El Shahat Ali Attia
Literature of Pharmacognosy, Departments of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, TANTA University- Egypt

Dr. Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi
School Of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Usm, Penang, Malaysia

Dr. Burton M. Altura

Physiology and Pharmacology Department, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, NY, USA.

Dr.  Yousif Abdu Asiri
Vice – Rector for Planning and Development, Professor of Clinical Pharmacy, King Saud University,, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Dr. Amit K. Tiwari
Department of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Toledo – Health Science Campus, Toledo, OH, USA.

Dr. Saurabh Gupta
Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacology, Indore Institute of Pharmacy, Indore (M.P.), India, Principal Co-ordinator Scientist for outsources projects of industry, Indore institute of Pharmacy, Indore (M.P.), India, Scientist Co-ordinator member of Institutional Animal Ethical Committee, Indore institute of Pharmacy, Indore.

Dr. Tyler Madere
University of North Texas System College of Pharmacy –Department of Pharmacotherapy, Fort Worth, TX,USA.

Dr. Xianquan Zhan
Professor and Deputy Director, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China

Dr. Fatima Suleman
Head of Discipline of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences of University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Dr. Mohamed Eddouks
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Errachidia, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco.

Dr.  Syed A. A. Rizvi 
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Health Professions Division, Nova Southeastern University, FL, USA.

Dr. Carmela Saturnino 
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, SA, ITALY.

Dr. Taha Nazir
University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan.

Dr. Fadi Alkhateeb
Pharmacy Administration, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Irma Lerma Rangel College of Pharmacy, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Kingsville, Texas, USA.

Dr. Madhan Ramesh
Professor & Head, Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS University, S S Nagar, Mysore.

Sushanta Kr. Das.
M. Pharm (Pharmacy Practice), Associate Professor and Pharm D Coordinator, CMR College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

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References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1.Kim P.G.M. Hurkens, Carlota Mestres-Gonzalvo, Hugo A.J.M. de Wit, Rob Janknegt, Frans Verhey, Jos M.G.A. Schols, Fabienne Magdelijns, Coen D.A. Stehouwer, Bjorn Winkens, Wubbo Mulder and P. Hugo M. van der Kuy. Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of a computer assisted medication review in hospitalized patients. International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 2017,2:6. DOI: 10.28933/IJHP-2017-10-0101 
2.Ananth kashyap, Rashmi N G, Rakshith U R, Hanumanthachar Joshi.Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors Induced Serotonin Syndrome –A Case Report. International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 2017,2:7. DOI:10.28933/ijhp-2017-10-1101

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International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy


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