International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment

Complimentary Care: Non-Pharmacological Pain Management

Review Article of International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment Complimentary Care: Non-Pharmacological Pain Management Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh; 151/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh Aristotle (4th century B.C.) described pain as emotion, being the opposite of pleasure. Whereas, Buddha stated “Pain is the outcome of sin”, as evidence that an individual was possessed by demons. In some religions it is the cost of attachment. Spiritual counseling thus may be more of a priority than medical management. Many non-physiologic factors (psychological, familial and societal attitudes, life stressors, and cultural or spiritual) contributing to the experience of and response to pain. Emotional stress such as anxiety and depression play a key role in experience of pain. Chronic pain is associated with increased levels of depressive symptoms, anxiety, and insomnia regardless of disability status. it has both modifiable factors (mental health, co-morbidities, smoking, alcohol, obesity, physical activity/exercise, sleep, nutrition, economic status and occupational) and non-modifiable factors (age, sex, cultural and socioeconomic background, history of trauma/ injury/ interpersonal violence, heritage). The relationship between increased BMI and chronic pain in adults seems intuitive and may be related, in part, to increased weight-bearing on joints, reduced physical activity and deconditioning. Patient with physical disabilities may have co-occurring chronic pain, but the prevalence and specific associated factors are unknown. Neuropathic pain (NeP) can be the result of a variety of conditions, including metabolic disease, infection, malignancy, trauma, medications, and toxins; estimates of 60% among those with chronic pain. Chronic pain affects 20% of the European population and is commoner in women, older people, and with relative deprivation. Its management in the community remains generally unsatisfactory, partly because of lack of evidence for effective interventions. Also, family and caregivers’ beliefs and attitudes towards pain, either positively and negatively to tolerate ...

Chronic Pain in Patients With HIV / AIDS: a Literature Review

Review Article of International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment Chronic Pain in Patients With HIV / AIDS: a Literature Review Maria Gabriella de Melo¹*, Bianca de Fátima Ramos Souza², Marília Fernanda de Andrade Silva Correia³, Thalyta Roberta Silva Bastos4, Brígida Maria Gonçalves de Melo Brandão5, Fátima Maria da Silva Abrão6 Introduction: In the current context of health in Brazil, pain has been one of the main reasons for care in patients with HIV by health professionals. Objective: To investigate the topics covered in online journals about factors related to pain in patients affected by HIV / AIDS. Methodology: Review of the literature in October 2018 in the Regional Portal of the Virtual Health Library (VHL), using as descriptors “HIV”, “CHRONIC PAIN”, “DISEASE” and using as temporal cutback the last ten years. Results: The study sample consisted of 8 original articles, divided into three thematic categories: “Pain management”, “Pharmacological treatment” and “Consequences of pain”. Con-clusion: It is important that the multiprofessional health team is attentive and committed to iden-tify the factors related to chronic pain in PLHIV, since this way they can provide assistance aim-ing at the well being and comfort of the patient. Keywords: HIV, Chronic Pain, Diseases ...

The effectiveness of hydrotherapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee

Review Article of International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment The effectiveness of hydrotherapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee Gonçalves, C. M. ¹; Cabral, T. M. ²; Silva, K. M. G. ³; Nascimento, L. S. G 4 ¹²³ Estudantes do curso de Fisioterapia-UNIBRA; 4 Mestre em Fisioterapia pela UFPE e pesquisadora do laboratório LANA. Introduction:Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative disease that affects articular cartilage. Its signs and symptoms include morning stiffness, pain, decreased range of motion in the affected joint, limitations in functional activities, deformity with osteophyte formation, swelling and stiffness in the drive. Hydrotherapy is widely used by thrust account, dipping and reduced gravity, which is the differential treatment. Objectives: To analyze through literature reviews and case studies the effectiveness of hydrotherapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Methods: A literature review was performed from items available in Scielo databases, PubMed, Lilacs, Medline in August 2017, selecting articles published from 2012 to 2017. Results and Discussion: Initially found 55 studies with the proposed theme, among them, 47 were excluded according to the exclusion criteria. Selecting articles 8, 4 case studies and literature reviews 4. Results report that hydrotherapy helps both assisting in relieving the symptoms and the execution of activities of daily living. Conclusion: Later the acquired data, it can be concluded that the hydrotherapy program on rehabilitation of patients with osteoarthritis patients, was effective in terms of reducing the manifestations of pain and increase in range of motion of the knee. The pool exercises in technique is an excellent environment for rehabilitation of these patients due to buoyant force decrease the force of gravity, therefore, reduces the burden on the injured cartilage when immersed to the chest,Minimizing major changes and making the execution of the exercise less painful as they would be in the ground and ...

The use of acupuncture as a differential to control chronic pain

Review Article of International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment The use of acupuncture as a differential to control chronic pain Costa, G.S1, Santos, O.C2, MeloT.R.C3, Dias, W.R.L4, Torres, R.L.N5, Silva, C.C6 1,2,3,4,5Academics of the Nursing Bachelor Course-Asces-Unita, 6Teacher of the Bachelor of Nursing Course-Asces-Unita Introduction: Acupuncture is a millenary therapeutic technique, whose practice implies the energetic balance of individuals. This therapy, usually, applies needles into acupoints, which when stimulated, promote several health benefits. With greater dissemination, Acupuncture has been an alternative means in the relief of chronic pain. Objectives: Describe the therapeutic efficacy of the use of Acupuncture in chronic pain control. Methodology: It is an integrative review, whose articles analyzed were obtained through analysis of databases: LILACS, MEDLINE and SciELO. The descriptors used were: Acupuncture, Pain, Nursing, and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Such analysis was held on September 22-24, 2017, using the following inclusion criteria: articles published in Portuguese, English and Spanish, from 2011 to 2016, and deleted all articles that do not possess the theme of the study. As a conductive question: The efficacy of the use of Acupuncture for chronic pains? Results and discussion: By means of the criteria 83 publications were identified, of which 72 were deleted by the eligibility criteria. Articles obtained have shown that the treatment is carried out at strategic points, which in some cases provide immediate analgesia and aims to improve or cure of chronic pain. Among the studies reviewed, technique as Electro Acupuncture, Auriculo Acupuncture, Craniopuncture are the most used and which allow the development of good results, aiming at a supplement and improvement of allopathic treatment, improving the prognosis of the patient. Conclusion: It seems clear, that the use of acupuncture, decreases the pain and discomforts levels, having an action similar with the chronic pain medicines. Keywords:  Acupuncture; Pain; Nursing; Traditional ...

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1.Costa, G.S, Santos, O.C, MeloT.R.C, Dias, W.R.L, Torres, R.L.N, Silva, C.C. The use of acupuncture as a differential to control chronic pain.International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment, 2018, 1:1. DOI: 10.28933/ajpr-2018-06-1801 
2.Gonçalves, C. M.; Cabral, T. M.; Silva, K. M. G.; Nascimento, L. S. G. The effectiveness of hydrotherapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment, 2018, 1:2. DOI: 10.28933/ajpr-2018-06-1802

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International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment (ISSN:2637-8825; DOI:10.28933/IJPRT) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Pain Research and Treatment.

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International Journal of Pain Research and Treatment


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