International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews

Empowering Local Primary Health Care to Improve Antiepileptic Drugs (AEDs) Adherence among Children with Epilepsy in Outreach District of Pakistan

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Empowering Local Primary Health Care to Improve Antiepileptic Drugs (AEDs) Adherence among Children with Epilepsy in Outreach District of Pakistan Muhammad Akbar Malik, Arshad Rafiq, Omar Virk The Brain Associates Lahore, Pakistan Introduction: There is a dearth of data on effectiveness-assessment of community interventions regarding the adherence improvement among children with epilepsy (CWE) in outreach financially-poor settings. This study was therefore designed to determine impact of integration of childhood epilepsy into primary care to improve the level of adherence to antiepileptic drugs and the factors that are associated with non adherence. Objectives: This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of interventions through free community childhood epilepsy center aimed at improving adherence to antiepileptic medication in CWE in an outreach financially constrained district. Methods: During this interventional study, 240 children (160 children being treated and followed in the free community primary care childhood epilepsy center and 80 children not being treated at this center) aged 4 months to 18years, diagnosed with epilepsy and treatment initiated with at least 1 AED for the past 3 months, were selected for data collection. The childhood epilepsy camps were held at local community centres provided open access, and no user fees or charges for medication were made. Local physicians, who were provided with special training and visiting paediatric neurology fellows carried out screening to help the three visiting paediatric neurologists confirming the diagnoses for data collection. Data was collected by a questionnaire divided into three parts: 1) demographical information about patients 2) information about medication adherence profile using the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8), and 3) data on intervention-effectiveness of the community childhood epilepsy center (CCEC) on antiepileptic drug adherence. Ethical approval was obtained from the institutional ethics committee. Results: Among the 240 children and ...

Clinical Manifestations of Chikungunya in Children

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Clinical Manifestations of Chikungunya in Children Florentino S.A¹; Matos A.V.M²; Braga D.P³; Siqueira V.M4; Ramos R.C.F5 1,2,3,4Academics of the Medical School of the Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (UNICAP); 5Lecturer / Medical Advisor of the Universidade Católica de Pernambuco (UNICAP) Introduction:The Chikungunya Fever is a febrile, non-contagious infectious disease caused by the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), transmitted by Aedes aegypti and, more rarely, by Aedes albopictus. It presents a picture similar to dengue. The first confirmed case in Brazil was in 2014. The signs and symptoms can last for months, and the treatment is symptomatological. Objective: To describe the most common signs and symptoms presented by children infected by CHIKV in Brazil. Methodology: It was used in this project the PubMed base data, with the following search terms: Chikungunya in children in Brazil, Relatos de casos de Chikungunya em crianças no Brazil. It was obtained a total of 20 articles, of which 17 were excluded and 3 analyzed. Inclusion criteria: case report of chikungunya in childs in Brazil, from January 2014 to July 2017. Results and Discussion: Was observed on the related cases: sudden onset fever not explained by other conditions, and may progress to convulsion or not, macular rash with onset of lower limbs and chest, irritability, hypoactivity, vomiting, arthralgia/arthritis, and anemia. Besides that, it was reported signs of ocular and central nervous system disorders in neonates due to CHIKV virus contamination via birth canal. Conclusion: Based on the work observed, it is evident that there are few case reports in children affected by CHIKV. It is necessary to expand research and notifications in this age group as well as in the more frequent clinical occurrences. We emphasize the importance of early care and diagnosis in pediatrics in countries affected by outbreaks ...

Health Education Under a Panoramic Approach to AIDS Prevention in Adolescents: a Review

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Health Education Under a Panoramic Approach to AIDS Prevention in Adolescents: a Review Silva, J.A1, Amorim, C.T2, Santos, B.M.G.3, Silva, L.F.L4, Queiroz, W.Q5, Ana Pitangui, C.R6 1,2,3Acadêmicos de Enfermagem da Universidade de Pernambuco, 4,5Mestranda do Programa Associado de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem UPE/UEPB, 6 Docente do Programa Associado de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da UPE/UEPB Introduction: The HIV / AIDS epidemic is a worldwide reality. Vertical transmission and risky sexual practices in adolescents represent the main factors related to transmission. In Brazil, 2,972 cases were registered between 10 and 14 years of age, and 14,526, between 15 and 19 years of age in 2014. In this scenario, health education presents as an essential method to prevent these occurrences, making nurses a transformative agent in epidemiological characteristics presented. Objective: to characterize health education as a nursing tool in the prevention of HIV / AIDS from an integral perspective. Method: integrative literature review. We include studies with integral text in Portuguese, English and Spanish published in the period of 10 years, indexed in the databases: Lilacs, Medline, BDENF related to the thematic axis according to the optics of the authors. It carried out the research in the bases through the VHL using the intersection of the Descriptors in Health Sciences (DECS) adapted the URSI form in the construction of the results. The articles were organized by year of publication and classified by levels of evidence between VI, analyzed by 2 different evaluators, achieving agreement in the classification and I. Results and discussion: After the analysis and synthesis of the data, the selected articles were separated into thematic categories, arranged in tables. The repercussions on the health of adolescents resulting from HIV infection are caused by some biological and psychosocial aspects, and prevention becomes the effective ...

Zika Congenital Syndrome: Clinical Characteristics of Children Accompanied in the IMIP Rehabilitation Center

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Zika Congenital Syndrome: Clinical Characteristics of Children Accompanied in the IMIP Rehabilitation Center Chagas L.K.S1, Chagas A.C.S2, Lima N.O3, Botelho A.C.G4, Lima M.R.O5, Gonçalves A.D.M. 1Estudante do Curso de Farmácia – UFPE; E-mail:, 2,3Fisioterapeutas, IMIP, 4Orientadora/Tutora de Fisioterapia da FPS, 5Co-orientadora/ Coordenadora do Centro de Reabilitação do IMIP, 6Co-orientadora, Residente do Programa de Residência Multiprofissional em Reabilitação Física do IMIP. Introduction: The microcephaly epidemic in Brazil, decreed as a National Public Health Emergency, was confirmed as a result of the congenital infection by ZIKA Virus (ZIKV). From November 2015 to April 2017 there are already 2,653 confirmed cases throughout the country and despite presenting characteristics similar to known microcephaly, the severe anomalies caused by ZIKV are unique and have been termed ZIKV Congenital Syndrome (SCZV), whose complete spectrum is still not well defined. Objective: To identify and describe the main clinical findings of children with SCZV, aged between 12 and 15 months. Methodology: Cross-sectional descriptive study, realized at the Centro de Reabilitação e Medicina Física Prof. Ruy Neves Baptista of Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP) in Recife - PE. The study included children who were followed up at the Centro de Reabilitação do IMIP and diagnosed with microcephaly by ZIKV, and the children’s data were collected, including imaging tests, followed by a clinical evaluation of the characteristic findings of SCZV. Results and Discussion: A total of 38 children, 65.8% female, with a mean head circumference (HC) of 28.6 cm, were evaluated. All the children presented abnormalities in the findings of cranial tomography, calcifications were found throughout the sample, and ventriculomegaly in almost 90% of them, constituting the most important alterations. The main clinical findings were: hypertonia in 34 children, visual deficit in 30, occurrence of spasms in ...

Dr. Sameh Shehata
Emeritus Professor of pediatric surgery, University of Alexandria Children’s Hospital

Dr. Pallavi Kamra
Pediatrician, Clinicas del Camino Real, Camarillo, CA

Dr. Hany Abo-Haded
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine – Mansoura University – Mansoura – Egypt

Dr. Ifeadike Chigozie Ozoemena
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University

International journal of Pediatric research and reviews

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-4978; DOI: 10.28933/IJOPRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Pediatric Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of Pediatric research and reviews