International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

Herbal, Drug and Food Interaction

Review Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Homeopathy and Mental Health Dr. Alok Kumar Shukla* & Dr. Papiya Bigoniya *Department of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy, Radharaman College of Pharmacy, Radharaman Group of Institutions, Bhadbhada Road, Ratibad, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA. All medicines were derived from natural materials in the ancient time (1).  Most of those early medicines are described under the broad heading “herbs,” although that term may prove misleading.  Even though people often think of herbs as plants or plant-derived materials, several commonly used items were obtained from animals and minerals.  Further, although the term “herbs” suggests something that is beneficial and has little potential for harm, numerous toxic materials were used, such as foxglove, deadly nightshade, and jimson weed (Datura).  Herbalists sometimes processed the herbs to change them from their original form. As the science developed the researchers attempted and succeeded to isolate some active constituents from herbs, so that the end products were not as nature presented them.  For example, aconite was processed extensively in China to reduce its toxicity so that it could more readily be used, and borneol, the active constituent found in a few tropical plants, was isolated centuries ago in relatively pure form, a translucent crystal, for both internal and external use.   The use of potent and toxic substances and the intentional alteration of natural substances are characteristics of production of modern drugs.  Thus, some issues that arise today about interactions of herbs and drugs may have already been encountered in earlier times when herbs were combined with each other (2). The ancient Indian system of Ayurveda is practicing in India since 1500 BC, the main aim of this system is to preservation of normal health and curing the diseased one. Ayurveda has focused on patient safety and benefits. In fact it is known that drug safety is a very ...

Homeopathy and Mental Health

Review Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Homeopathy and Mental Health Dr Balaji Deekshitulu P V Psychologist & Alternative Medicine (Homeopathy) Practitioner, Sri Balaji Clinic, Tirupati, A.P, India. In this review article the author argues that complete presentation of Stress full life is neither Possible to overcome safe Mudra therapy on different simple steps. This therapy are increasing in Physical and mental health, stress is an important stimulus of human growth and creativity as well an inevitable part of life Keywords: Mental illness like stress, anxiety, depression et..and homeopathy remedies ...

Dusparsakadi Kwatha an Ayurvedic Classical Medicine for Hemorrhoids

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES OF DUSPARSAKADI KWATHA AN AYURVEDIC CLASSICAL MEDICINE FOR HEMORRHOIDS Abhilash Mullasseril Mullasseril, Veliyanad POST., Ernakulam DIST., Kerala-682 313. INDIA There are many methods to theoretically compute the efficacies of modern medicaments. These methodologies are not suitable for computing the efficacies of formulations used in Alternative Systems of Medicines especially to Ayurvedic formulations. In this paper a computational method developed earlier for computing the Drug Efficacy Indices of Ayurvedic formulations was applied to Dusparsakadi Kwatha a formulation for treating Hemorrhoids. The primary study objective of this research is to compute and compare the Drug Efficacy Indices of various possible combinations mentioned in the Classical Texts for treating Hemorrhoids and marketed by modern manufactures under the name Dusparsakadi Kwatha. The linguistic analysis of the corresponding verse of the classical formulation was done using the language interpretation methods based on Paninian concepts. The Drug Efficacy Indices were computed using the earlier reported formula. It is not a clinical study and purely theoretical methods based on the philosophical background of Ayurveda are applied. The computed Drug Efficacy Indices of some of the possible combinations were found more than the marketed formulation. These combinations were successfully practiced by many learned traditional practitioners by adhering to the meaning of the verses of classical texts. The studies successfully computed the efficacies of various combinations. It also showed that the research methodologies must be based on the philosophical background of Alternative Systems of Medicine alone can be successfully applied to their fields. Keywords: Efficacy, Drug Efficacy Index[Q(VPK)], Dusparsakadi Kwatha, Hemorrhoids, Arsoroga ...

Antimicrobial activity of crude leaf extracts against Enterococcus faecalis

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Antimicrobial activity of crude leaf extracts from medicinal plants against Enterococcus faecalis Rachuonyo HO1* Gatheri GW2 Nyamache AK1 1Department of Microbiology, Kenyatta University 2Department of Plant sciences, Kenyatta University Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. Enterococcus faecalis is a Gram negative, commensal enteric bacterial pathogen usually located in the intestinal tracts of either animals or human beings. The pathogenic members of enteric bacteria’s are usually associated to infections that are characterized by enteric fevers, abdominal pain, and diarrhoea and vomiting. This study aimed at determining the effects of the selected medicinal plants extracts against Clinical isolate of Enterococcus faecalis obtained from Kenyatta University health Centre. Kirby Bauer method was used to determine the antimicrobial activity of the plants extracts against Enterococcus faecalis. All the plant extracts showed antimicrobial activity against Enterococcus faecalis with Tagetes minuta producing the largest average zones of inhibition of 18.67±1.03mm when compared to the other plant extracts. Vernonia lasiopus was more active at low concentrations (MIC 3.9µg/ml; MBC 5.0µg/ml) while Aloe secundiflora was less active (MIC 7.0µg/ml; 9.7µg/ml). Ciprofloxacin (5µg/ml) was used as a positive control producing an average zone of inhibition of 21.67±2.66mm while Methanol (33.50±2.56mm) and 4% Dimethyl sulphoxide (0.00±0.00mm) were used as negative control. Qualitative phytochemical screening showed the presence of four phytochemicals namely; saponins, tannins, alkaloids and flavonoids. The study provides insight about the antimicrobial activity of the plant extracts and if they can be used in treatment of as an antimicrobial agent against infections caused by Enterococcus faecalis. Keywords: Qualitative phytochemical screening; Antimicrobial agents; Enterococcus faecalis; Ciprofloxacin; Clinical isolate ...


Dr. Papiya Bigoniya Professor, Radharaman College of pharmacy, Radharaman Group of Institutes, India.


Dr. Zhaoxiang Bian
Associate Vice-President, Chair Professor of School of Chinese Medicine, Director of Clinical Division and Associate Director of Institute of Creativity, Hong Kong Baptist University.

Dr. Woo-Sang Jung
Professor of Cardiology and Neurology (Stroke Center), College of Korean Medicine, Director of Korean Medical Emergency Room, Hospital of Korean Medicine, Kyung-Hee University.

Dr. M J Nanjan
Professor, Physical Chemistry (Retd.) of University of Madras, Chennai, India.

Dr. Daniel Man-yuen SZE
Deputy Program Coordinator for Master of Laboratory Medicine, School of Health & Biomedical Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute (HIRi), RMIT University, Australia.

Dr. Shamim Ahmad
Professor of Microbiology, Officer In-Charge (Head) & Teacher In-Charge (Administrations), Microbiology Section, Institute of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine , Aligarh Muslim University, India.

Dr. Quanxi Mei
Professor, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Zhongshan,Guangdong, China.

Dr. Qingwen Zhang
Associate Professor, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences (ICMS), University of Macau.

Dr. Ansiur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh
Former Head, Deptt. of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Presently an Emeritus Professor, University Grants Commission, Govt. of India, at  University of Kalyani.

Dr. Bajpayee Kaptain Kishor
Assistant Professor &HOD in the Botany Department, DR.RML P.G. COLLEGE (C.S.J.M. UNIVERSITY), HARDOI 241001 INDIA.

Dr. Hua-chuan Zheng
Professor, Cancer Research Center; Laboratory Animal Center; The Key Laboratory of Brain and Spinal Injury of Liaoning Province, Laboratory Animal Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou, China.

Dr. Emre Yalcinkaya
ESC Training Fellow in Electrophysiology, Clinic of Cardiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Dr Zhi-Ling YU
Associate Professor, Teaching and Research Division, Fellow, Center for Cancer and Inflammation Research, Director, Master of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Chinese Medicine, Director, Consun Chinese Medicines Research Centre for Renal Diseases, Associate Director, Technology Development Division, School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Dr. Hiroyasu Satoh
Professor, Health Life Science, Shitennoji University, Habikino, Osaka 583-8501, Japan.

Dr. Paolo Roberti di Sarsina
Chairperson, Traditional Complementary and Alternative Medicine of the Observatory and Methods for Health, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy.

Dr. Yibin Feng
Professor & Associate Director (Education), School of Chinese Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Dr. Afrozul Haq
Professor & Principal Scientist, R & D Division, VPS Healthcare, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Dr Manuel Fernandes Ferreira

Full Professor, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto Rua do Campo Alegre, S/N Edifício FC4.Portugal.

Dr Jennifer Hunter
Senior Research Fellow, National Institute of Complementary Medicine, Western Sydney University, Australia.

Dr. Jiahong Lu
Assistant Professor, Institute of Chinese Medical Science, The University of Macau.

Dr. Sylvia Urban
Senior Lecturer, School of Science (SSCI), Discipline of Chemistry, RMIT University (City Campus), Victoria, Australia.

Dr. William Cho
Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong.

Dr. Wenzhe Ma
Assistant Professor, State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Taipa, Macau.

Dr Swapnil Sabgonda Patil
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Rognidan Avum Vikrutividnyan

Dr. Hongjie Zhang
Associate Professor, School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong.

Dr. Nitin Mantri
Senior Lecturer in Biotechnology, Health Innovations Research Institute, School of Science, RMIT University, Victoria,  Australia.

Dr Dudhamal Tukaram Sambhaji
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Shalya Tantra, IPGT&RA,Gujarat Ayurveda University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India.

Dr Thomas Harris
Complex Health Management, 85 Jubilee Av. Forest Lake. Q 4078. Australia.

Dr Shivani Sanjeev Gavande
Associate professor, Kayachikitsa at Dr. J.J.Magdum Ayurved medical college, Jaysingpur

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References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1. M. B. FALANA, M. O. BANKOLE and A. M. OMEMU. In Vivo effects of dosage of leaf, bark and root extracts of V. paradoxa on diarhoea-induced albino rats.International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 2018, 3:8. DOI: 10.28933/ijtcm-2018-07-0401 
2. Hemanth Kumar Manikyam, C.Ramesh, Krishna Mohan Poluri, Harinath Reddy Kasireddy, Charitha Devi Mekala.Bio-enhancement effect of Bos primigenius indicus urine isolates on Curcumin anticancer activity using different human cell line models of A549, Hep-G2, MCF-7, Jurkat and K562 .International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 2017, 2:2. DOI: 10.28933/ijtcm-2017-11-2001 

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International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor in Traditional and Complementary Medicine (indexing details).

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International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine



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