Journal of Herbal Medicine Research

Secondary Metabolism and Therapeutic Efficacy of Medicinal Plants

Review Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Secondary Metabolism and Therapeutic Efficacy of Medicinal Plants AK MOHIUDDIN Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh Medicinal plants constitute main resource base of almost all the traditional healthcare systems. Most of the herbal drugs produced currently in majority of the developing countries lack proper quality specification and standards. Herbal drugs used in traditional medicine may contain a single herb or combinations of several different herbs believed to have complementary and/or synergistic effects. Both the raw drugs and the finished herbal products manufactured contain complex mixtures of organic compounds, such as fatty acids, sterols, alkaloids, flavonoids, polyphenols, glycosides, saponins, tannins, terpenes etc. The quality of the finished product is based on the quality of the raw materials. As many as 35% of the medicinal plants used in Indian systems of medicine are highly cross pollinated which indicate the existence of a wide range of genetic variability in the populations of these medicinal plant species which in turn reflected in the variations in the composition of secondary metabolites. Ecological and edaphic as well as seasonal variations also cause changes in the chemical composition of medicinal plants. These facts have to be considered while developing quality parameters! standards of medicinal plants and their finished products.Purpose of the study: An illustrated review of factors that influence secondary metabolism of plants and their impacts on therapeutic efficacy.Findings: Traditional plants are used from ancient time for various human well-being, both as life-saving and lifestyle drugs. A careful observation may explore facts behind therapeutic efficacy of these plants.Materials and Methods: A comprehensive literature review, consulting books, technical newsletters, herb magazines, journals, and many other sources. Health professionals like qualified doctors, herbal specialists, folk healers, alternative medicine specialists given their valuable suggestions. Research limitations: The limitation lies with the ...

Effect of germination time on the diastasic power of maize (Coca-sr variety) and paddy rice (Nerica L.56 variety): Application of amylase rich flours and their extracts in the fluidification and improvement of the energy density of fermented maize gruel

Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Effect of germination time on the diastasic power of maize (Coca-sr variety) and paddy rice (Nerica L.56 variety): Application of amylase rich flours and their extracts in the fluidification and improvement of the energy density of fermented maize gruel Alex Blairio Tsopbeng Tsopzong, Stephano Tambo Tene, Gires Teboukeu Boungo, Ronice Zokou, Julie Mathilde Klang* Research Unit of Biochemistry of Medicinal Plants, Food Sciences and Nutrition, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon. To proceed this study, corn seeds (Coca-sr variety) and rice (Nerica L.56) were germinated over period of 240 hours. Flours and raw extracts produced were used to prepare fermented maize gruels (17.5% of DM) and the flow rates were evaluated using the Botswick consistometer. We noticed from these analyses that the germinated corn Coca-sr variety, in the form of ARF and its extracts presented an optimum fluidification power at 120 h of germination. As for the ARF of Nerica L.56, an optimum fluidification level was observed for the extract at 168 h contrarily to 72 h for the flour. The use of ARF and extracts from corn (Coca-sr) and rice (Nerica L.56) at 2 % and 2.5 mL resulted in a reduction of their consistency (gruels). Coca-sr ARF at a rate of 2 % fluidifies the gruel of fermented corn hence multipliying the energy density and nutritional value (3.57) more than with its extract and the different forms of the incorporation of rice. Keywords: Germination time, Amylase rich flour, Coca-sr corn, Nerica L.56 paddy rice and flow rate ...

A Study On Medicinal Plants and Attitude of Womens Towards Use of Unani Medicine in District Srinagar of Kashmir Valley, J K State

Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research A Study On Medicinal Plants and Attitude of Women’s Towards Use of Unani Medicine in District Srinagar of Kashmir Valley, J&K State Syed Sabahat Ashraf, Naquibul Islam, Shameem Ahmad Rather, Shabeer Bhat and Bilal Ahmad Bhat Regional Research Institute Of Unani Medicine, Naseem Bagh Campus, Hazratbal. Srinagar, Kashmir J&K *Division of Social Science, Faculty of Fisheries, SKUAST-Kashmir, J&K The Jammu and Kashmir state is covered by lofty mountains hang dense forests everywhere consists of three divisions i.e., Jammu division, Kashmir division and Ladakh division, and the state is further divided into 22 districts. Kashmir division consists of 10 districts each whereas Ladakh division consists of 2 districts. Srinagar is the summer capital of J&K state. Plants have been traditionally used for hundreds of years throughout globe as a source of medicine. Forest resources in the state of Jammu and Kashmir have played the most significant role in the economy of the state. The present study was conducted to know the attitude of women towards use of medicinal plants in Kashmir valley. In this paper, a well designed and validated questionnaire was used to collect the information from a sample of 400 women who visited unani hospitals selected randomly from Srinagar district of Kashmir valley. The results of our study showed that women show positive attitude towards the use of medicinal plants during illness. The women’s under study further revealed that due to less expenditure and side effect of modern medicines they are encouraged by elders to use medicinal plants for treatment. It is concluded from our study that there is an urgent need of giving mass awareness on importance of forests and medicinal plants to the women of Kashmir valley. Finally, in this paper, we discuss the importance of medicinal plants and suggestions ...

To evaluate how plants in folk medicine and diverse forms of application by the communities of the municipality of Milagres in Ceará.

Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research To evaluate how plants in folk medicine and diverse forms of application by the communities of the municipality of Milagres in Ceará. Soares, C. L. R1,2; Silva, M.R.P3; Neto, P.P.M2; Lucena, C.C.O4; Pereira, P.S.5; Silva, T. G. 6 1Estudante Graduação em Ciências Biológicas da Universidade Federal da Paraíba- UFPB; 2Estudante de Pós Graduação em Ciências Biológicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco- UFPE. 3Estudante de Graduação do Curso de Ciências Biológicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco- UFPE; 4Estudante de Pós Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco- UFPE; 5Estudante de Pós Graduação em Biotecnologia da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco- UFPE; 6Docente/ Pesquisadora do Departamento de Antibióticos da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco- UFPE. Introduction: The lack of medical care, pharmaceutical and economic crisis, such as information on the use of medicinal plants, developing an empirical knowledge about the use of nature. A Brazilian popular medicine reflects the knowledge transmitted as generations that spread their knowledge about a medicinal flora, becoming as medicinal plants tools in pharmaceutical care. Ceará is rich in medicinal species endemic to the region, traditionally inhabited by the population, but little explored by pharmacology. Objective: To evaluate how plants in folk medicine and diverse forms of application by the communities of the municipality of Milagres in Ceará. Methodology: The research was carried out in the municipality of Milagres-CE, between November and December, through the questionnaire applied in several points of the city and rural area for consumers and raizeiros. Results: The most common plants in this community are: Lemon grass, Anise, Lemon balm, Spearmint and Eucalyptus. Reports of the interviewees showed that the treatment with medicinal plants resulted in the improvement up to 100% of the pathology. Conclusion: The population makes use of listed species treatment of pathologies indiscriminately. A ...


Dr. Juei-Tang Cheng 
 Chair-Professor, Institute of Medical Research, Chang Jung Christian University, Taiwan.


Dr.  George Perry
Dean and Professor of Biology and Chemistry and Semmes Foundation Distinguished University Chair in Neurobiology, College of Sciences, University of Texas at San Antonio, USA.

Dr. Abimbola Farinde
Professor, Columbia Southern University, Orange Beach, AL, USA.

Dr. Gianni Sacchetti 
Professor, Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Corso Ercole I d’Este 32, 44121 Ferrara, Italy.

Dr. Pongsak Rattanachaikunsopon
Professor, Department of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubon Ratchathani 34190, Thailand.

Dr. Atanas Pavlov
Professor, Department Industrial Microbiology, Laboratory of Applied Biotechnologies, The Stephan Angeloff Institute of Microbiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria.

Dr. Parveen Bansal
Joint Director, University Centre of Excellence in Research, Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot-151203 (Punjab), India.

Dr. Peter A. Akah
Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Dr. Petropoulos Spyridon
Department of Agriculture, Crop Production and Rural Environment, School of Agricultural Sciences, University of Thessaly, Magnissia, Greece.

Dr.Rabin Chandra Paramanik
AL-Falah Group of Institutions, behind kalya Gate, Ramanagara District, Magadi - 562120, Karnataka, India.

Dr. Snehangsu Sinha
College of Veterinary Science, AAU, Guwahati, Assam

Dr. Bajpayee Kaptain Kishor
Assistant Professor &HOD in the Botany Department, DR.RML P.G. COLLEGE (C.S.J.M. UNIVERSITY), HARDOI 241001 INDIA.

Dr. Sidharth Mehan
Associate Professor, Department Of Pharmacology, Rajendra Institute Of Technology & Sciences (Rits), Doping Control Officer (Nada), Ministory Of Youth Affairs And Sports, Government Of India.

Dr. Manisha H.Vite.
Associate Professor, Shivajirao Jondhle college of pharmacy, Asangaon, Mumbai.

Dr. Mayuri C. Rathod

Assistant Professor, Biotechnology Department, C.R.C. Building, Veer  Narmad  South Gujarat university,

Dr Ranjeet Satyawan Sawant
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Rasashastra & BK, KGMP Ayurvedic Mahavidyalaya, Charni Road, Mumbai.

Dr Jiban Shrestha
Scientist (Plant Breeding & Genetics), Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

Dr. K.S. Kanwal
Scientist-C, G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development, North East Unit, Vivek Vihar, Itanagar-791113, Arunachal Pradesh, India

Dr. Swapnil Sabgonda Patil
Assistant Professor of Dept. of Rognidan Avum Vikrutividnyan and Working as a Pathologist in Dhanwantari Hospital, Ashta, Dist. Sangli.

Dr. Rozbeh Farhoudi
Head, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Shoshtar Branch, Shoshtar, Iran.

Dr. Ayub Khan
Chairman & Professor, Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Dr. Muhammad Hamayun 
Associate Professor & Chairman, Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan (AWKUM), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Dr. Amit R. Nampalliwar
Assistant Professor, Smt. K.G. Mittal Ayurved Medical College & Hospital, N.S. Road, Charni Road Station(West), MUMBAI-400002, India.

Dr. Fahmy Abd El-Rahman Sadek Hassan

Professor of Medicinal & Ornamental plants, Faculty of Agriculture, Tanta University, Egypt.

Dr. Kaptain Kishor Bajpayee
Assistant Professor & Head Deptt. of botany, Dr. RML degree college (C.S.J.M. University), Hardoi up241001, india.

Dr. Majid Sharifi-Rad
Department of Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Zabol,  Iran.

Dr. Devendra Kumar Patel
Assistant Professor, Rural Technology Department, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, (A Central University), Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh), India.

Dr.  Shyamapada Mandal
Associate Professor and Head, Department of Zoology, Laboratory of Microbiology and Experimental Medicine, University of Gour Banga, Malda-732 103, India

Dr. Abhishek J. Joshi
Chair of Ayurveda, Fakultas Ayurweda, Universitas Hindu Indonesia(UNHI), Denpasar, Bali, Republic of Indonesia.

Dr.  Datta Asaram Dhale
Assistant Professor, Post-Graduate Department of Botany, S.S.V.P.S.’S, L.K. Dr. P. R. Ghogrey Science College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India.

Dr. Ravi Shankar khatri
Assistant professor, Dep’t of Kaumarbhritya, A & U Tibbia College and hospital, karol bagh, India.

Dr. Shahin Gavanji
Chairman of “WAMS National Council of Iran at World Academy of Medical Sciences (WAMS), Chairman WAMS Oncology Research Group of Iran, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan, Isfahan, Iran, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Sciences and Technologies, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

Dr. Munesh Kumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Forestry, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand-249161, India

Dr. Shicheng Guo
Department of Bioengineering, The University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive MC 0412, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Dr. Parichat Phumkhachorn
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani University

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1. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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Journal of Herbal Medicine Research is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor in Herbal Medicine (indexing details).

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Journal of Herbal Medicine Research


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