Journal of Plant and Environmental Research


Assessment on Growth Performance of Green gram (Vigna radiate (L) Wilzeck). by Using Phytotreated and Non Phytotreated Waste Water

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Assessment on Growth Performance of Green gram (Vigna radiate (L) Wilzeck). by Using Phytotreated and Non Phytotreated Waste Water Kaliyamoorthy Jayakumar Department of Botany, A.V.C College (Autonomous), Mannampandal 609 305, Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu, India Assessment on growth performance of Vigna radiate L. by using Phytotreated and Non Phytotreated waste water. The plants were raised in petridish containing different concentrations of raw and treated waste water (C, 10%, 10% treated, 25%, 25% treated, 50%, 50% teated, 75%, 75% treated,100% and 100 % treated ). The morophological parameters like, seed germination percentage, seedling growth, (Such as, root and shoot length; fresh and dry weight fo root and shoot), vigoue index, tolerance index were measured on 7th days after sowing. All the morophological parameters were increased at 25 treated waste water in a petridish, when compared with control. Further increases in the waste water (50%-100%) in the soil have a negative effect on these parameters. Keywords:Seed germination; Phytotreated; Non Phytotreated; Waste water; Seedling growth. Vigna radiate L ...

Assessment of Biological iron Removal from the Ground Water

Review article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Assessment of Biological iron Removal from the Ground Water Baby AbrarUnnisa Begum*1, Dr. N. Devanna2, Dr. P. Ramesh Chandra3, Razia Sultana4 1Associate Professor, Chemistry Department, SWCET, Hyderabad, Telangana, India 2Professor & Head, Chemistry Department, JNTUA, Anantapuram, A.P., India 3Retd. Senior Environmental Scientist, Pollution Control Board, A.P, India 4 Retd Director of EPTRI Telangana Hyderabad, India Iron can be removed from groundwater through the process of chemical oxidation followed by a rapid sand filtration. Different mechanisms (physicochemical and biological) contribute for the iron removal in filters but the dominant mechanism depends on physical and chemical characteristics of the water and which the process conditions applied. Now there are number of methods of biological iron removal which are reported to be much more efficient and cost effective than conventional physicochemical iron removal method. The mechanism of iron removal in filters could be solely biological the physicochemical iron removal mechanisms under certain specific conditions. The paper reviews that the theoretical background of biologically mediated iron removal, the advantages and limitations of the method and a few case studies. A literature review revealed that biological iron removal is not suitable when pH and oxygen concentrations are high and/or NH+4, H2S and Zn are present. Physico chemical removal mechanisms can achieve the same removal efficiency under the conditions that are reported to be favorable for biological iron removal. Biological iron removal is likely to be supplementary to conventional physico chemical iron removal. Keywords: groundwater, filtration, iron removal, biological oxidation, ...

Nitrogen Release Dynamics of Erythrina abyssinian and Erythrina brucei litters as Influenced by Polyphenol, Lignin and Nitrogen Contents

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Nitrogen Release Dynamics of Erythrina abyssinian and Erythrina brucei litters as Influenced by Polyphenol, Lignin and Nitrogen Contents Abebe Abay Central Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Centre, P. O. Box 31037, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Litter mineralization is a crucial process in providing nutrients through decomposition to plants, which also depends in the chemical composition of the litter and soil properties as well. Decomposition rate of Erythrina abyssinian and Erythrina brucei in Luvisol was investigated in relation to their nutrient release dynamics such as NH4+ and NO3- in relation to their initial concentrations of lignin, ADF, cellulose and total polyphenol content and their ratios. The dynamic was followed in an incubation pot experiment, CRD design in replication. Erythrina abyssinian has an average of 4.05%, 9.7% and 2.04% TN, lignin and total polyphenol content respectively. Erythrina brucei has also an average of 3.05 %, 12.63 % and 1.05 % content of TN, lignin and total polyphenol respectively. The samples of Erythrina abyssinian and Erythrina brucei were ground and incorporated with Luvisol in pots. Each treatment and control were sampled and analyzed on weekly basses to determine the amount of ammonium and nitrate released. The lignin and total polyphenol was significantly positively correlated with the release of NH4+, while the NO3- showed significant negative correlations with the release of ammonium. From the experiment it was observed that the Erythrina abyssinian with lower content of lignin and high in TN has released the nutrients faster where as Erythrina brucei with high lignin and low total polyphenol content released slowly. In general, these leguminous trees released NH4+and NO3- easily because of their high total nitrogen content and low lignin, ADF, cellulose and total polyphenol content. They attained their half-life within 2–3 weeks. Therefore, Erythrina abyssinica and Erythrina ...

Element content, growth and metabolic changes in Cu- and Cd- stressed Phaseolus vulgaris plants

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Element content, growth and metabolic changes in Cu- and Cd- stressed Phaseolus vulgaris plants Mahmoud E. Younis *, Shaimaa M. N. Tourky and Shaimaa E. A. Elsharkawy Botany Department, Faculty of Science, University of Mansoura, Mansoura, Egypt A large-scale pot experiment was accomplished for investigation of the varied effects of different concentrations of Cu and Cd on certain growth and metabolic attributes of roots and shoots of Phaseolus vulgaris plants, over a period of three weeks. Plants supplemented with Cu and Cd at the concentrations of 10-6 and 10-3 M, showed increased levels of Cu and Cd in both shoots and roots, above those levels in controls. However, Cu or Cd accumulation was lower in shoots than in roots. As compared with control levels, the low (10-6 M) concentration of Cu induced either a significant or an insignificant increase in growth parameters, photosynthetic pigments, PS II activity, glucose, proline and glycine contents in both roots and shoots. Otherwise, insignificant decreases in fructose, sucrose, polysaccharides, total saccharides, total soluble-N, protein –N, DNA and RNA contents, in the same test plant parts, were obtained. A reverse situation was however observed with the high concentration (10-3 M) of Cu as well as with the low and high concentrations (10-3 and 10-6 M) of Cd. In general, the observed adverse effects were more pronounced with Cd at (10-6 M) as compared with those maintained with Cu at the same concentration. Furthermore, the most detrimental adverse effects were apparent upon administration of the high (10-3 M) concentration of Cd. The prominence of the above mentioned changes in growth and metabolism to stress tolerance in common bean is discussed. Keywords: Phaseolus vulgaris, Cu, Cd, growth parameters, photosynthetic components, carbohydrate and nitrogenous constituents and nucleic acids ...

Dr. Shishir Kumar Gangwar
Associate Professor (UNDP), College of Medical & Health Science, Wollega University

Dr. Feng Lin
Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences, Michigan State University

Dr. Baybars Ali Fil
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Balıkesir University

Dr. Aamir Javed
EMBRYOLOGIST, Dept of Biotechnology & EMBRYOLOGY, Bangalore,INDIA

Dr. B. Thangagiri
Assistant Professor (Senior Grade), Department of Chemistry, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College

Dr. Aprile Alessio
University of Salento

Mohamed A. Ghorab
Wildlife Toxicology Laboratory, Animal Science Department, Michigan State University

Dr. Huma Qureshi
PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Dr. Himanshu Kapoor
Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Lovely Professional University

Dr. K. Jayakumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, A.v.c College (Autonomous)

Dr. Chandra Prakash Kala
Ecosystem & Environment Management, Indian Institute of Forest Management, Nehru Nagar, Bhopal 462 003, Madhya Pradesh India

Dr. Pawan Kumar Bharti Chauhan
MSc, PhD, PGDISM, FASEA, FANSF, Environmental Scientist, Delhi-7, India

Prof.Dr. Abdelfattah S. A. Saad
Professor of Pesticide-Chemistry and Environmental Toxicology

Dr. Begum Sertyesilisik
Assoc. Prof. at the Istanbul Technical University

Dr Geetika Trivedi
Research Scientist, Genomics Services Lab, HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, AL 35806, USA

Dr. K.S. Kanwal
G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development

Dr. Hossein Alizadeh
Research Officer, Lincoln University

Dr. Mohammad Mehdizadeh
PhD of Weed Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

Dr. Arvind Bijalwan
Assistant Professor, Faculty area of Technical Forestry, Indian Institute of Forest Management

Minhajur Rahman
Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, University of Chittagong

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1.Mahmoud E. Younis, Shaimaa M. N. Tourky and Shaimaa E. A. Elsharkawy.Element content, growth and metabolic changes in Cu- and Cd- stressed Phaseolus vulgaris plants. Journal of Plant and Environmental Research, 2018,3:9. DOI:10.28933/jper-2018-07-2001 
2.Wei Li. Study on ecological restoration and landscape design strategies of abandoned mines. Journal of Plant and Environmental Research, 2018,3:10. DOI:10.28933/jper-2018-12-1805

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