Journal of Plant and Environmental Research

Effectof Soil Factors on Net N-Mineralization and Decomposition Rate of Organic Nutrient Sources

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Effectof Soil Factors on Net N-Mineralization and Decomposition Rate of Organic Nutrient Sources Abebe Abay Central Ethiopia Environment and Forest Research Institute Rate of Mineralization for Organic Nutrient Sources (ONS) depends on temperature, soil moisture, soil chemical, physical, biological properties as well as the chemical composition of the ONS. Erythrinaabyssinica (EA), Erythrinabrucei(EB) and Enseteventricosum(EV) (ONS) were randomly collected from Sidama and Wolaita zones of southern Ethiopia. Surface soil samples (0-20 cm) depths were also collected from Cambisols of Wolaita and Luvisol of Sidama areas. Physicochemical properties of the composite soils were analyzed following standard analytical methods. For the greenhousemineralization potexperiment, 21 treatments for each week were designed for EA, EB and EVin Luvisol and Cambisols. The treatments were arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. The incubation was carried out in green house for five consecutive weeks., the average TN contents of EA, EB and EV were 4.05, 3.35 and 2.56%, respectively. Based on the TN contents, the amount of ONS equivalent to 100 kg urea + 100 kg DAP ha-1, was calculatedand incorporated into 200g of each soil type separately. The pots were watered to field capacity every day or two.In general, the study was conducted to investigate the effect of soil chemical and physical properties such as pH, particle size, organic carbon and total nitrogen content on rate of mineralization of these ONS. Each week determination of OC and TN contents were conducted. The results of mineralization revealed that the TN concentration was highest in the first week and became low and constant at the third to fifth week. The same trend was followed by OC constant declining in both soil types. There was a reduction of C/N ratio in both soil types. The ONS had medium ...

Determination of some Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern in Typha domingensis invaded Soil in Bauchi, Nigeria

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Determination of some Heavy Metals Speciation Pattern in Typha domingensis invaded Soil in Bauchi, Nigeria U .F 1, Hassan, H. F2, Ushie, O. A3, MUSA, Z .A2 and Ntui, T.N4 1 Department of Chemistry, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria;2General Hospital, Bauchi State, Nigeria; 3Department of Chemical Science, Federal University, Wukari Nigeria; 4Department of Chemical Science, Cross River University of Technology Calabar, Nigeria The speciation of some heavy metals on Typha domingensis invaded soil along Gombe road, Bauchi were evaluated. Soil samples from the Typha domengensis invaded soil and the control site were collected and analysed for exchangeable bound metals, carbonate bound metals, manganese bound metals, iron-manganese bound metals, organic/sulphide bound metals and residual bound metals. The results on the Typha domingensis invaded soil were found to be exchangeable bound metals; Fe 1.47 ± 0.21 mg/dm3, Zn 1.45 ± 0.02 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.16 ± 0.04 mg/dm3. Carbonate bound metals Fe 26.10 ± 1.01 mg/dm3, Zn 2.66 ± 0.17 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.89 ± 0.03 mg/dm3 and Manganese bound metals Fe 14.50 ± 0.45 mg/dm3, Zn 4.03 ± 0.78 mg/dm3 and Pb 1.22 ± 0.06 mg/dm3. Iron-manganese bound metals Fe 120.40 ± 19.15 mg/dm3, Zn 6.79 ± 1.12 mg/dm3 and Pb 2.16 ± 0.05 mg/dm3. Organic/sulphide bound metals Fe 5.90 ± 0.50 mg/dm3, Zn 4.14 ± 0.68 mg/dm3 and Pb 3.58 ± 0.07 mg/dm3. Residual bound metals Fe 13.10 ± 0.55 mg/dm3, Zn 6.12 ± 0.17 mg/dm3 and Pb 4.48 ± 0.09 mg/dm3.The results of the control sample (without Typha domingensis) shows that the exchangeable bound metals Fe 9.40 ± 1.89 mg/dm3, Zn 1.71 ± 0.45 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.28 ± 0.05 mg/dm3, Carbonate bound metals Fe 0.70 ± 0.12 mg/dm3, Zn 2.20 ± 0.71 mg/dm3 and Pb 0.46 ± 0.12 mg/dm3, ...

Herbal home garden and ex-situ conservation of medicinal plants

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Herbal home garden and ex-situ conservation of medicinal plants for promotion and conservation of traditional health knowledge: a geographical perspective Nitu  University of Delhi, Delhi Herbal home remedies have a long history which is in the form of oral tradition. Herbs and other locally available medicinal plants have been used for healing purposes and maintaining good health since time immemorial. These practices of healthy living and use of herbs for curing diseases enunciated in Ayurveda and are in vogue in Indian households even today. The current status of herbal home garden along with government and private run herbal gardens have been studied in Haridwar (Uttarakhand),and Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh in the year 2008-2009 and 2012-2013 respectively. From Haridwar, total of 75 households were chosen from three distinct geographical locations by using random sampling method. Herbal gardens of Brahmavarchas located at Shatikunj, and Patanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar were also taken for the study. From the district Kangra, two governments and one private owned herbal gardens were chosen for the study. For the collection of primary information, well-structured questionnaires were used during the field surveys. Focus Group Discussion and personal interviews were applied to document the uses of medicinal plants as health care measure. Besides a review of relevant literature, the research used a variety of qualitative techniques, such as semi-structured, in-depth interviews and participant observations. The present study facilitates a better understanding of the present status of indigenous knowledge system, local innovations and practice of herbal based home remedies and the traditional knowledge is diffused in the society. The cultural set up and old aged traditional knowledge system is a way of life in Indian households and Indian kitchen and herbal home garden render valuable health care system. Irrespective of geographical localities viz ...

Compost production of rice husks with chicken bones and its effects in soil pH

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Rapid composting of rice husks with chicken bones to produce compost rich with calcium and the effect of product compost in the increase of soil pH value Rabah S. Shareef 1, 2,  Awang soh3, Zakaria Wahab4 and Ibni Hajar Rukunudin 5 1College of Education-Al-Qiam, University of Anbar, Iraq. 2 School of Bioprocess Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis,   Perlis,, Malaysia. 3 School of Bioprocess Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis,   Perlis,, Malaysia. 4 School of Biosystem Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis,   Perlis,, Malaysia. 5 School of Bioprocess Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis,   Perlis,, Malaysia. Compost production is considered an economic and environmentally friendly means to reduce the waste going into landfill. It is a novel study of compost production from raw materials which are available in Malaysia, especially the northern region to get a high percentage of carbon and calcium to be used in the treatment of soils that suffering from leached very high amounts of calcium and magnesium because heavy precipitation particularly in the tropical soils. Compost application can improve soil quality and productivity as well as sustainability of agricultural production by replenishing soil organic matter and supplying nutrients. The results indicated an increase in ratio of calcium, also increase ratio of nitrogen and pH. Keywords: Compost production, rice husks, chicken bones, calcium, pH ...

Dr. Shishir Kumar Gangwar
Associate Professor (UNDP), College of Medical & Health Science, Wollega University

Dr. Feng Lin
Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences, Michigan State University

Dr. Baybars Ali Fil
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Balıkesir University

Dr. Aamir Javed
EMBRYOLOGIST, Dept of Biotechnology & EMBRYOLOGY, Bangalore,INDIA

Dr. B. Thangagiri
Assistant Professor (Senior Grade), Department of Chemistry, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College

Dr. Aprile Alessio
University of Salento

Mohamed A. Ghorab
Wildlife Toxicology Laboratory, Animal Science Department, Michigan State University

Dr. Huma Qureshi
PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Dr. Himanshu Kapoor
Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Lovely Professional University

Dr. K. Jayakumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, A.v.c College (Autonomous)

Dr. Chandra Prakash Kala
Ecosystem & Environment Management, Indian Institute of Forest Management, Nehru Nagar, Bhopal 462 003, Madhya Pradesh India

Dr. Pawan Kumar Bharti Chauhan
MSc, PhD, PGDISM, FASEA, FANSF, Environmental Scientist, Delhi-7, India

Prof.Dr. Abdelfattah S. A. Saad
Professor of Pesticide-Chemistry and Environmental Toxicology

Dr. Begum Sertyesilisik
Assoc. Prof. at the Istanbul Technical University

Dr Geetika Trivedi
Research Scientist, Genomics Services Lab, HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, AL 35806, USA

Dr. K.S. Kanwal
G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development

Dr. Hossein Alizadeh
Research Officer, Lincoln University

Dr. Mohammad Mehdizadeh
PhD of Weed Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

Dr. Arvind Bijalwan
Assistant Professor, Faculty area of Technical Forestry, Indian Institute of Forest Management

Minhajur Rahman
Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, University of Chittagong

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1.Mahmoud E. Younis, Shaimaa M. N. Tourky and Shaimaa E. A. Elsharkawy.Element content, growth and metabolic changes in Cu- and Cd- stressed Phaseolus vulgaris plants. Journal of Plant and Environmental Research, 2018,3:9. DOI:10.28933/jper-2018-07-2001 
2.Wei Li. Study on ecological restoration and landscape design strategies of abandoned mines. Journal of Plant and Environmental Research, 2018,3:10. DOI:10.28933/jper-2018-12-1805

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