Scientific Research and Reviews

Improving urban air quality in China: investigation and control measures of PM2.5, PM10, NO2 and SO2 in air

Research Article of Scientific Research and Reviews Improving urban air quality in China: investigation and control measures of PM2.5, PM10, NO2 and SO2 in air Hui Wang1, Guozhu Chen2, Rui Yang1, Baolei Lv1, Shiyu Liu1, Junqing Sun1, Shaoliang Yang1, Xinjun Li1* 1.School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Qilu Institute of Technology,China. 2.College of Hydraulic & Environmental Engineering, China Three Gorges University, China. In recent years, the quality of urban atmospheric environment in China has caused widespread concern in the whole society. Improving air quality has become a major content of air pollution prevention and control in China. To do a good job in atmospheric prevention and control, we must investigate and analyze the sources of major atmospheric pollutants and their pollution characteristics firstly. With the acceleration of urbanization, the air pollution situation in Jinan city has become an environmental problem that people are particularly worried about. Based on the monitoring data of Jinan atmospheric environment, this paper analyzed the monthly average concentration values of PM2.5, PM10, NO2 and SO2 in Jinan City from 2015 to 2017. Meanwhile, the main reasons for the air pollution in Jinan City were clarified in detail. Finally, air pollution control strategies were proposed corresponding the aspects of pollution sources, topography and meteorological conditions, rational planning, environmental supervision capabilities, environmental awareness, and practical treatment technologies in Jinan City. These measures can provide a theoretical basis for relevant leading departments to build a beautiful city. Keywords: Air quality; Environmental protection; Prevention suggestions ...

Review on Hide and Skin Value Chain in Ethiopia

Review Article of Scientific Research and Reviews Review on Hide and Skin Value Chain in Ethiopia Tilahun Kenea Department of Agribusiness and Value Chain Management, Mettu University, P.O.Box 318, Mettu, Ethiopia Ethiopia’s economy is predominantly agricultural where the livestock sub-sector plays substantial role. Hides and skin is an important strategic sector for the economic and industrial development of Ethiopia. Though the country has very good potential for supplying finished skins and hides products to the world market, the quality of skins and hides supplied has rather deteriorated over time. Therefore, this seminar was conducted to review hide and skin value chain in Ethiopia, to review hide and skin value chain actors, maps and its value addition in Ethiopia, to review the major constraints and opportunities of hide and skin in Ethiopia ,to review hides and skins production ,utilization and its constraint in Ethiopia and to review hide and skin marketing and its constraints in Ethiopia . Poor quality of hides and skins , Poor animal husbandry ,Improper preserved hides and skins ,Lack of price incentives ,absence of quality grading, reflections of the economic policy, market information, and requirements from the tanneries and end market are main challenge observed hide and skin value chain . Creation of awareness among extension staff, butchers, collectors, tanners and other stakeholders and the general public of the economic importance of hides and skins are very important. Developing Clear pricing system based on grading and standard of hide and skin and improving access to market information As well as Clear policy and strategy for the development of hide and skin sector should be developed by Member State that have not done so far. Keywords: Hide and skin; value chain; Actors; marketing constraints ...


Research Article of Scientific Research and Reviews RISK FACTORS FOR MULTI DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS AMONG TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS OF NEKEMTE REFERRAL HOSPITAL, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, WESTERN ETHIOPIA, 2017 ZalalemKaba Babure1*,KassahunTegegne Bidu2, FekaduAssefa Jiru3, TesfayeDagne Weldemarium4,and AkliluFikadu Tufa5. 1Quality officer at East Wollega Zonal Health Office, Nekemte, Oromia, Western Ethiopia, 2Program Officer at USAID/JSI Transform: Primary HealthCare Project, East Wollega Zone, Nekemte, Western Ethiopia 3High Quality Clinical Care Technical Advisor Oromia Regional Health Bureau, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 4Department of health economics, management and policy, College of Health Sciences, Jimma University 5Program Officer at USAID/JSI Transform: Primary HealthCare Project, East Wollega Zone, Nekemte, Western Ethiopia Multidrug-Resistance Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is tuberculosis (TB) that is resistant to two first-line drugs; both isoniazid and rifampicin. Globally in 2015, there were an estimated 480, 000 new cases of multidrug-resistant TB. According to the anti-tuberculosis drug resistance survey conducted nationwide in Ethiopia in 2012 among 804 newly diagnosed TB cases 1.6 % were found to be infected with MDR-TB. The continuous challenge in the occurrence and management of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in the country in general and Nekemte Referral hospital in particular prompted this study which seeks-to investigate the risk factors for MDR-TB.Unmatched case control study design was conducted to identify the risk factors for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis among tuberculosis patients of Nekemte Referral Hospital. All MDR-TB (21 cases) and Non-MDR-TB (44 controls) patients’ registered from September 2016to August 2017 in this Hospital were included in the study. Face-to-face interview and Patient medical records review were used to collect the data. In bivariate analysis; variables which had P-value <=0.25 wereentered into multi-variate logistic regression model. P-value <0.05 taken as statistically significant. A total of 65 tuberculosis patients (21 cases and 44 controls) included in this study; response rate 100 %. Previous tuberculosis treatment (AOR = 0.975, 95 % CI ...


Research Article of Scientific Research and Reviews CHARACTERISTICS OF FUNCTIONAL SYNBIOTIC CAMELS’ FERMENTED MILK (LIKE- YOGURT) PRODUCTS Marwa M. Desouky1 and Rezk. A. Awad 2 1Dairy unit, Breeding Department, Animal Production Division, Desert Research Center, Matariya, Cairo, Egypt. 2Food Science Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Shoubra El Kheima, Cairo, Egypt. Preparing synbiotic fermented camel milk like- yogurt products (SFCMPs) fortified with different cereals was the main target of this study. Cereals used were hulless barley, oat, triticale and durum wheat in flour form. Honey is used as natural prebiotic. Yogurt starter (containing Lb. delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus and Str. thermophilus) culture and AB-sweet (containing Lb. acidophilus & bifidobacteria) as probiotic starter culture were used to prepare different camel milk like- yogurt products. The physicochemical, textural, microbiological and sensory properties of SFCMPs were examined during storage period at 6±1°C for 9 days. The nutritional and daily values of the fresh prepared SFCMPs were also calculated. All treatments were significantly differed (p ≤ 0.05) in their properties; depending on the type of cereal’s, starter culture and storage period. The SFCMPs containing triticale and durum wheat flour showed higher moisture, fat and total protein percent and whey separation values than that of oat and hulless barely. Meanwhile, the highest values of crude fiber, ash, acetaldehyde & diacetyle, and dynamic viscosity values as well as bacterial counts were noticed in SFCMPs containing oats and barley. Lower amounts of acetaldehyde & diacetyle, dynamic viscosity and pH values with higher whey separation showed with yoghurt starter treatments than that of probiotic starter. The viable cell counts in all SFCMPs were maintained at an acceptable level (>106CFU/ml) to be considered as functional foods until the end of storage period. The Textural characteristics as hardness and gumminess were negatively correlated to cohesiveness and springiness in all SFCMPs ...

Dr. Prakash Goudanavar
Professor and Head, Department of Pharmaceutics, Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy

Dr. Alfred DACI
Polytechnic University of Tirana, Mathematical and Physical Engineering Faculty

Dr. Mehmet Fatih Karaaslan
Statistics Department, Yildiz Technical University, Turkey

Dr Sherif A. Younis
Analysis and Evaluation Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI)

Dr. Saroj Kumar Ghosh
Department of Zoology, Bejoy Narayan Mahavidyalaya

Dr. Rahul Singh
DIVISION OF PATHOLOGY , ICAR- Indian Veterinary Research Institute

Dr. Srikanth Boinapally
Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, JHU

Assist. Prof. Ihsan Habib Dakhil
Assistant Professor, Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering College, Al Muthanna University

Senior Research & Development Engineer (New Materials Development), Honeywell UOP, India Technology Centre

Dr Prem Kumar Seelam
Environmental and Chemical Engineering Research Group, Faculty of Technology, P.O. Box 4300, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland

Dr. Eng. Hamid Ali Abed AL-Asadi
Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Education for Pure Science, Basra University

Dr. M. Kenan Dosoglu
Duzce University, Technology Faculty, Electrical-Electronics Engineering, Duzce, Turkey

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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